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Retinal neovascularization is the major cause of untreatable blindness. The role of growth hormone (GH) in ischemia-associated retinal neovascularization was studied in transgenic mice expressing a GH antagonist gene and in normal mice given an inhibitor of GH secretion (MK678). Retinal neovascularization was inhibited in these mice in inverse proportion to(More)
Glutamate-induced excitotoxicity has been implicated as an important mechanism underlying a variety of brain injuries and neurodegenerative diseases. Previously we have shown that taurine has protective effects against glutamate-induced neuronal injury in cultured neurons. Here we propose that the primary underlying mechanism of the neuroprotective function(More)
O tosclerosis is caused by abnormal bone homeostasis of the otic capsule leading to bony fixation of the stapedial footplate in the oval window. Because the transmission of sound waves from outer to inner ear is disturbed by this fixation, the disease is characterised by conductive hearing impairment. 1 In some cases, an additional sensorineural component(More)
Derivatives of C(60) have been shown to be effective free radical scavengers. Hence, many of the biological functions of fullerene are believed to be due to their antioxidant properties. Here we present evidence to show that fullerenols, that are caged fullerene oxides, exert their neuroprotective functions by blocking glutamate receptors and lowering the(More)
CD200 is expressed on various cell types, including T cells, while the CD200 receptor (CD200R) is expressed on myeloid cells such as monocytes-derived macrophages (MDMs). The CD200–CD200R interaction has been shown to play an important role in the prevention of autoimmune disease. Thus, we hypothesized that CD200/CD200R1 is involved in the pathogenesis of(More)
O tosclerosis is caused by abnormal bone homeostasis of the otic capsule leading to bony fixation of the stapedial footplate in the oval window. Because the transmission of sound waves from outer to inner ear is disturbed by this fixation, the disease is characterised by conductive hearing impairment. 1 In some cases, an additional sensorineural component(More)
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