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PURPOSE Although( 18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET is an established imaging technique to assess brain glucose utilisation, accurate measurement of tracer concentration is confounded by the presence of partial volume effect (PVE) due to the limited spatial resolution of PET, which is particularly true in atrophic brains such as those encountered in(More)
To test the hypothesis that Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients with posterior cingulate/precuneus (PCP) atrophy would be a distinct disease form in view of metabolic decline. Eighty-one AD patients underwent (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Positron emission tomography and(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to compare optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and (18)F-FDG PET for discrimination between patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and healthy subjects in relation to age. METHODS The study population consisted of 2 groups; the first group (27 AD patients and 40 control subjects) was used to determine the locations(More)
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) ε4 is known as a genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study investigated the prevalence of imaging abnormalities suggestive of AD in cognitively normal ApoE ε4 carriers using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM). Forty-five cognitive normal ApoE ε4(More)
The enteric nervous system (ENS) contains functional ionotropic and group I metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors. In this study, we determined whether enteric neurons express group II mGlu receptors and the effects of mGlu receptor activation on voltage-gated Ca(2+) currents in these cells. (2R,4R)-4-aminopyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate (2R,4R-APDC), a(More)
The histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) has been demonstrated to alleviate certain symptoms associated with osteoarthritis (OA). However, the exact mechanisms underlying this protective effect remain to be elucidated. The present study therefore examined the effects of TSA on the expression levels of interleukin‑1β (IL‑1β)-induced matrix(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the change of free Ca(2+) in cytoplasma in the neurotoxicity of the manganese (Mn). METHODS The cortical neurons were separated from the neonatal Wistar rats and cultured in vitro. The neurons were grouped as the Mn-treated groups and the untreated group. The neurons in the Mn-added groups were incubated in the culture media(More)
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its ester form, DHEA-S, are the most abundant steroids in human plasma. Our previous studies showed that DHEA protects against osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this paper was to explore the possible mechanisms that underlie DHEA-mediated protection against OA. We tested the expression of β-catenin, it was increased(More)
It is well known that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune joint disease in which fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) play a pivotal role. In this study, we investigated the anti-arthritic properties of acacetin in FLSs. The expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-3 and MMP-13 were investigated by quantitative RT-PCR and western blot at(More)
The belowground soil prokaryotic community plays a cardinal role in sustaining the stability and functions of forest ecosystems. Yet, the nature of how soil prokaryotic diversity co-varies with aboveground plant diversity along a latitudinal gradient remains elusive. By establishing three hundred 400-m(2) quadrats from tropical rainforest to boreal forest(More)