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PURPOSE Although( 18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET is an established imaging technique to assess brain glucose utilisation, accurate measurement of tracer concentration is confounded by the presence of partial volume effect (PVE) due to the limited spatial resolution of PET, which is particularly true in atrophic brains such as those encountered in(More)
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) ε4 is known as a genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study investigated the prevalence of imaging abnormalities suggestive of AD in cognitively normal ApoE ε4 carriers using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM). Forty-five cognitive normal ApoE ε4(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to compare optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and (18)F-FDG PET for discrimination between patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and healthy subjects in relation to age. METHODS The study population consisted of 2 groups; the first group (27 AD patients and 40 control subjects) was used to determine the locations(More)
To test the hypothesis that Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients with posterior cingulate/precuneus (PCP) atrophy would be a distinct disease form in view of metabolic decline. Eighty-one AD patients underwent (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Positron emission tomography and(More)
The enteric nervous system (ENS) contains functional ionotropic and group I metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors. In this study, we determined whether enteric neurons express group II mGlu receptors and the effects of mGlu receptor activation on voltage-gated Ca(2+) currents in these cells. (2R,4R)-4-aminopyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate (2R,4R-APDC), a(More)
A new type of capacitive humidity sensor is introduced in this paper. The sensor consists of two plate electrodes coated with MWCNT films and four pieces of isolating medium at the four corners of the sensor. According to capillary condensation, the capacitance signal of the sensor is sensitive to relative humidity (RH), which could be transformed to(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the change of free Ca(2+) in cytoplasma in the neurotoxicity of the manganese (Mn). METHODS The cortical neurons were separated from the neonatal Wistar rats and cultured in vitro. The neurons were grouped as the Mn-treated groups and the untreated group. The neurons in the Mn-added groups were incubated in the culture media(More)
The histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) has been demonstrated to alleviate certain symptoms associated with osteoarthritis (OA). However, the exact mechanisms underlying this protective effect remain to be elucidated. The present study therefore examined the effects of TSA on the expression levels of interleukin‑1β (IL‑1β)-induced matrix(More)
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its ester form, DHEA-S, are the most abundant steroids in human plasma. Our previous studies showed that DHEA protects against osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this paper was to explore the possible mechanisms that underlie DHEA-mediated protection against OA. We tested the expression of β-catenin, it was increased(More)
It is well known that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune joint disease in which fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) play a pivotal role. In this study, we investigated the anti-arthritic properties of acacetin in FLSs. The expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-3 and MMP-13 were investigated by quantitative RT-PCR and western blot at(More)