Wei-Ning Huang

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To plants, copper is vitally essential at low concentrations but extremely toxic at elevated concentrations. Plants have evolved a suite of mechanisms that modulate the uptake, distribution, and utilization of copper ions. These mechanisms require copper-interacting proteins for transporting, chelating, and sequestrating copper ions. In this study, we have(More)
Cobra cardiotoxins (CTXs) have previously been shown to induce membrane fusion of vesicles formed by phospholipids such as cardiolipin or sphingomyelin. CTX can also form a pore in membrane bilayers containing a anionic lipid such as phosphatidylserine or phosphatidylglycerol. Herein, we show that the interaction of CTX with negatively charged lipids causes(More)
Cobra cardiotoxin, a cytotoxic beta-sheet basic polypeptide, is known to cause membrane leakage in many cells including human erythrocytes. Herein, we demonstrate that the major cobra cardiotoxin from Naja atra, CTX A3, can cause leakage of vesicle contents in phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and phosphatidylserine containing, but not in pure phosphatidylcholine(More)
It has been shown previously that the long chain fragments of heparin bind to the beta-strand cationic belt of the three-finger cobra cardiotoxin (or cytotoxin, CTX) and hence enhance its penetration into phospholipid monolayer under physiological ionic conditions. By taking lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) micelles as a membrane model, we have shown by (1)H(More)
Cobra cardiotoxins (CTXs) are three-fingered polypeptides with positively charged domains that have been shown to bind to anionic ligands of snake venom citrate, glycosaminoglycans, sulfoglycosphingolipid, and nucleotide triphosphate with various biochemical effects including toxin dimerization, cell surface retention, membrane pore formation, cell(More)
The major cardiotoxin from Taiwan cobra (CTX A3) is a pore forming beta-sheet polypeptide that requires sulfatide (sulfogalactosylceramide, SGC) on the plasma membrane of cardiomyocytes for CTX-induced membrane leakage and cell internalization. Herein, we demonstrate by fluorescence spectroscopic studies that sulfatides induce CTX A3 oligomerization in(More)
Anionic citrate is a major component of venom, but the role of venom citrate in toxicity other than its inhibitory effect on the cation-dependent action of venom toxins is poorly understood. By immobilizing Chinese hamster ovary cells in microcapillary tubes and heparin on sensor chips, we demonstrated that heparan sulfate-mediated cell retention of the(More)
The hydrolytic activity of secretory phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) is regulated by many factors, including the physical state of substrate aggregates and the chemical nature of phospholipid molecules. In order to achieve strong binding of PLA(2) on its substrates, many previous works have used anionic lipid dispersion to characterize the orientation and(More)
This manuscript describes the interaction of low-molecular-weight DNICs with short peptides designed to explore the stability and structure of DNIC-peptide/RRE-peptide constructs. Although characterization of protein-bound and low-molecular-weight DNICs is possible via EPR, XAS, and NRVS, this study demonstrates that the combination of aqueous IR ν(NO) and(More)
Molecular mechanisms underlying the repair of nitrosylated [Fe-S] clusters by the microbial protein YtfE remain poorly understood. The X-ray crystal structure of YtfE, in combination with EPR, magnetic circular dichroism (MCD), UV, and (17) O-labeling electron spin echo envelope modulation measurements, show that each iron of the oxo-bridged Fe(II) -Fe(III)(More)