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CD80 is expressed on all antigen-presenting cells and is present on podocytes in a number of experimental models of nephrotic syndrome. We tested whether urinary soluble CD80 increased with idiopathic minimal-change disease (MCD). We collected urine and serum samples from patients with MCD in relapse and in remission, patients with nephrotic syndrome(More)
Controversy exists as to whether minimal change disease (MCD) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) represent different diseases or are manifestations within the same disease spectrum. Urinary excretion of CD80 (also known as B7.1) is elevated in patients with MCD and hence we tested whether urinary CD80 excretion might distinguish between patients(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperuricemia has been linked to cardiovascular and renal diseases, possibly through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and subsequent endothelial dysfunction. The enzymatic effect of xanthine oxidase is the production of ROS and uric acid. Studies have shown that inhibiting xanthine oxidase with allopurinol can reverse endothelial(More)
TGF-beta is a key mediator in renal fibrosis. Kidney-targeted gene therapy with anti-TGF-beta strategies is expected to have therapeutic potential, but this has been hampered by concerns over the safety and practicability of viral vectors and the inefficiency of nonviral transfection techniques. The present study explored the potential role of TGF-beta/Smad(More)
BACKGROUND We recently found evidence of tubular epithelial-myofibroblast transdifferentiation (TEMT) during the development of tubulointerstitial fibrosis in the rat remnant kidney. This study investigated the mechanisms that induce TEMT in vitro. METHODS The normal rat kidney tubular epithelial cell line (NRK52E) was cultured for six days on plastic or(More)
BACKGROUND Tubulointerstitial fibrosis is the final common pathway to end-stage renal failure. The present study investigated the potential role of tubular epithelial cells (TEC) in progressive fibrosis in the rat remnant kidney model. METHODS Rats underwent 5/6 nephrectomy or a sham operation (control), and groups of six animals were killed at weeks 1,(More)
Hypertension and hypertension-associated ESRD are epidemic in society. The mechanisms responsible for renal progression in mild to moderate hypertension and those groups most at risk need to be identified. Historic, epidemiologic, clinical, and experimental studies on the pathogenesis of hypertension and hypertension-associated renal disease are reviewed(More)
An elevated serum uric acid is associated with the development of hypertension and renal disease. Renal regulation of urate excretion is largely controlled by URAT1 (SLC22A12), a member of the organic anion transporter superfamily. This study reports the specific expression of URAT1 on human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells, as assessed by reverse(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) extends lifespan from yeast to mammals. SIRT6 is a member of the sirtuin family of NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylases, which is responsible for mediating the effects of CR. The transcription factor NF-κB, which is involved in inflammation and aging, has been shown to be regulated by SIRT6. Here we describe the crucial role of(More)