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SUMMARY DRTF contains 2025 putative transcription factors (TFs) in Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica and 2384 in ssp. japonica, distributed in 63 families, identified by computational prediction and manual curation. It includes detailed annotations of each TF including sequence features, functional domains, Gene Ontology assignment, chromosomal localization, EST(More)
Window profiles of amino acids in protein sequences are used to describe the amino acid environment. The relative entropy or Kullback-Leibler distance derived from these profiles is used as a measure of dissimilarity for comparison of amino acids and secondary structure conformations. Distance matrices of amino acid pairs at different conformations are(More)
Fast, efficient, and reliable algorithms for pairwise alignment of protein structures are in ever-increasing demand for analyzing the rapidly growing data on protein structures. CLePAPS is a tool developed for this purpose. It distinguishes itself from other existing algorithms by the use of conformational letters, which are discretized states of 3D(More)
TreeFam is a database of phylogenetic trees of gene families found in animals. It aims to develop a curated resource that presents the accurate evolutionary history of all animal gene families, as well as reliable ortholog and paralog assignments. Curated families are being added progressively, based on seed alignments and trees in a similar fashion to(More)
The primitive data for deducing the Miyazawa-Jernigan contact energy or blocks substitution matrix (BLOSUM) consists of pair frequency counts. Each amino acid corresponds to a conditional probability distribution. Based on the deviation of such a conditional probability from random background, a scheme for the reduction of the amino acid alphabet is(More)
By using a mixture model for the density distribution of the three pseudobond angles formed by Cα atoms of four consecutive residues, the local structural states are discretized as 17 conformational letters of a protein structural alphabet. This coarse-graining procedure converts a 3D structure to a 1D code sequence. A substitution matrix between these(More)
MOTIVATION The discovery of patterns shared by several sequences that differ greatly is a basic task in sequence analysis, and still a challenge. Several methods have been developed for detecting patterns. Methods commonly used for motif search include the Gibbs sampler, Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm and some intuitive greedy approaches. One(More)
The GOR program for predicting protein secondary structure is extended to include triple correlation. A score system for a residue pair to be at certain conformation state is derived from the conditional weight matrix describing amino acid frequencies at each position of a window flanking the pair under the condition for the pair to be at the fixed state. A(More)
Most approaches for protein structure alignment start from a search for similar fragments since this local similarity is necessary to the alignment even though is insufficient. In contrary to the sequence alignment, any insignificant trial alignment for structures can be detected by structure superposition and then excluded. It is then practicable to select(More)