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—Power-coupling models are inherently unable to describe certain mode coupling effects in multimode fiber (MMF) when using coherent sources at high bit rates, such as polarization dependence of the impulse response. We develop a field-coupling model for propagation in graded-index MMF, analogous to the principal-states model for polarization-mode dispersion(More)
The effects of 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) spray application on gas-exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics, Rubisco activity, and carbohydrate metabolism were investigated in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Jinchun No. 3) plants grown in a greenhouse. EBR significantly increased the light-saturated net CO(2) assimilation rate (A(sat)) from 3 h to(More)
We consider the problem of determining the capacity of an energy-harvesting transmitter with finite battery communicating over a discrete memoryless channel. When the battery is unlimited, or zero, the capacity has been determined, but it remains unknown for a finite non-zero battery. In this paper we assume that the harvested energy at each time, the total(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on patients with refractory partial epilepsy. METHODS Sixty-four patients with refractory focal epilepsy were screened and 60 patients were randomly divided into two groups by stimulation intensity: 90% (group 1) or 20%(More)
BACKGROUND Abberant aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) expression and AhR pathway activation are involved in gastric carcinogenesis. However, the relationship between AhR pathway activation and gastric cancer progression is still unclear. In present study, we used 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin (TCDD), a classic and most potent ligand of AhR, to(More)
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are essential for many biological processes in plants, however, little is known about their roles in early fruit development. To address this, BR levels were manipulated through the application of exogenous BRs (24-epibrassinolide, EBR) or a BR biosynthesis inhibitor (brassinazole, Brz) and their effects on early fruit development,(More)
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded in subjects while they were matching two sequentially presented color spots. The two spots might be presented in the same position of the same color, or different colors (color conflict). They might be in different positions of the same color (position conflict), or different colors (color and position(More)
Seventeen refractory partial epilepsy patients were enrolled in an open-label study to evaluate the antiepileptic effect of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Seven of the patients had not obtained seizure-free status after epileptogenic focus resection surgery before they were enrolled in the study. All patients were treated(More)
It is well known that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the entropy vector of a collection of n random variables and a certain group-characterizable vector obtained from a finite group and n of its subgroups [1]. However, if one restricts attention to abelian groups then not all entropy vectors can be obtained. This is an explanation for the fact(More)