Learn More
—Power-coupling models are inherently unable to describe certain mode coupling effects in multimode fiber (MMF) when using coherent sources at high bit rates, such as polarization dependence of the impulse response. We develop a field-coupling model for propagation in graded-index MMF, analogous to the principal-states model for polarization-mode dispersion(More)
The effects of 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) spray application on gas-exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics, Rubisco activity, and carbohydrate metabolism were investigated in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Jinchun No. 3) plants grown in a greenhouse. EBR significantly increased the light-saturated net CO(2) assimilation rate (A(sat)) from 3 h to(More)
N-Acylated homoserine lactone (AHL) lactonases are capable of degrading signal molecules involved in bacterial quorum sensing and therefore represent a new approach to control bacterial infection. Here a gene responsible for the AHL lactonase activity of Bacillus sp. strain AI96, 753 bp in length, was cloned and then expressed in Escherichia coli. The(More)
We consider the problem of determining the capacity of an energy-harvesting transmitter with finite battery communicating over a discrete memoryless channel. When the battery is unlimited, or zero, the capacity has been determined, but it remains unknown for a finite non-zero battery. In this paper we assume that the harvested energy at each time, the total(More)
We applied event-related potentials (ERPs) to assess brain activities with inhibition of irrelevant conflict information processing during visual selective attention. Fifteen healthy subjects matched two sequentially presented color spots (S1 and S2) in a visual selective attention task. The two spots might be presented in a fixed position of either the(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on patients with refractory partial epilepsy. METHODS Sixty-four patients with refractory focal epilepsy were screened and 60 patients were randomly divided into two groups by stimulation intensity: 90% (group 1) or 20%(More)
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are essential for many biological processes in plants, however, little is known about their roles in early fruit development. To address this, BR levels were manipulated through the application of exogenous BRs (24-epibrassinolide, EBR) or a BR biosynthesis inhibitor (brassinazole, Brz) and their effects on early fruit development,(More)
Ascorbate peroxidase (APX) isoenzymes, distributing in at least four distinct cell compartments, the chloroplastic stroma (sAPX) and thylakoid membrane (tAPX), microbody (mAPX) and cytosol (cAPX), catalyze the reduction of H(2)O(2) to water by using ascorbic acid (AsA) as specific electron donor. In order to better clarify the response of APX isoenzymes and(More)
BACKGROUND The human immunodeficiency virus type 1(HIV-1) epidemic in Chongqing, China, is increasing rapidly with the dominant subtype of CRF07_BC over the past 3 years. Since human leukocyte antigen (HLA) polymorphisms have shown strong association with susceptibility/resistance to HIV-1 infection from individuals with different ethnic backgrounds, a(More)