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The Asiatic rice borer Chilo suppressalis (Walker) occurs mainly on rice Oryza sativa L. and water-oat Zizania latifolia (Turcz). Certain ecological and physiological differentiations between rice and water-oat populations have been shown. To determine whether there is host-associated differentiation in supercooling capacity, seasonal changes in(More)
We demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, GaAs-based transverse-junction (TJ) superluminescent diodes (SLDs) that operate at a wavelength of 1.1 microm. Due to lateral current injection by use of TJ, specified as transverse carrier flow spread in each quantum well horizontally instead of vertical well-by-well injection, nonuniform carrier(More)
In this work, three-dimensional near-field imaging of the focused laser spot was studied theoretically and experimentally. In the theoretical simulation, we use the electromagnetic equivalent of the vectorial Kirchhoff diffraction integral to calculate the intensity distribution of the focal region, and a high depolarization is found in high numerical(More)
A path-folded infrared image spectrometer with five sub-gratings and five linear-array detectors was applied to a broadband optical monitoring (BOM) system for thin film deposition. Through in situ BOM, we can simultaneously acquire the thickness and refractive index of each layer in real time by fitting the measured spectra, and modify the deposition(More)
Femtosecond laser pulses are focused on a thin film of Ge2Sb2Te5 phase-change material, and the transfer of the illuminated material to a nearby substrate is investigated. The size, shape, and phase-state of the fabricated pattern can be effectively controlled by the laser fluence and by the thickness of the Ge2Sb2Te5 film. Results show multi-level(More)
Using a femtosecond laser, we have transformed the laser-direct-writing technique into a highly efficient method that can process AgO(x) thin films into Ag nanostructures at a fast scanning rate of 2000 μm(2)/min. The processed AgO(x) thin films exhibit broad-band enhancement of optical absorption and effectively function as active SERS substrates. Probing(More)
Topological insulator (TI) Bi2SeTe2 nanosheets with very regular hexagonal morphology were synthesized by a hydrothermal route. Open aperture (OA) z-scan method was performed to measure the saturable absorption (SA) characteristics of the as-prepared TI Bi2SeTe2 nanosheets. The measured modulation depth, saturation intensity and nonsaturable loss of the(More)
High-yielded Bi2Te3 hexagonal nanoplates were fabricated via a facile solvothermal method with the assistance of poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP). Effects of PVP molecular weight and concentration on the morphology and size distribution of the products were illustrated in this study. Molecular weight of PVP is significant for determining the morphology of(More)
Multiphoton near-IR downconversion quantum cutting luminescence of Er<sup>3+</sup>-ion-doped tellurium glass is studied. We find that the excitation spectra of 1532.0 nm IR light and 550.0 nm visible light are very similar in wave shape and peak wavelength. When the concentration of Er<sup>3+</sup> ions is increased from 0.5% to 3.2%, we observe that both(More)
The determination of hydrogen cyanide in combustion processes is important for the understanding of fixed nitrogen chemistry and molecular processes involved in both the formation and the control of nitrogen oxides (1-7). During the cornbustion of coal and some oils, hydrogen cyanide is produced from fuel nitrogen compounds and later oxidized to form(More)