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White1, J. Li1, W. Liang1, N. Bhagabati1, J. Braisted1, M. Klapa1, T. Currier1, M. Thiagarajan1, A. Sturn1, M. Snuffin2, A. Rezantsev2, D. Popov2, A. Ryltsov2, E. Kostukovich2, I. Borisovsky2, Z. Liu3, A. Vinsavich3, V. Trush3, and J. Quackenbush1,4 1The Institute for Genomic Research, Rockville, MD, 2DataNaut, Bethesda, MD, 3Syntek Systems, Bethesda, MD,(More)
Powerful specialized software is essential for managing, quantifying, and ultimately deriving scientific insight from results of a microarray experiment. We have developed a suite of software applications, known as TM4, to support such gene expression studies. The suite consists of open-source tools for data management and reporting, image analysis,(More)
Powerful specialized software is essential for managing, quantifying, and ultimately deriving scientific insight from results of a microarray experiment. We have developed a suite of software applications, known as TM4, to support such gene expression studies. The suite consists of open‐source tools for data management and reporting, image analysis,(More)
'Fold-change' cutoffs have been widely used in microarray assays to identify genes that are differentially expressed between query and reference samples. More accurate measures of differential expression and effective data-normalization strategies are required to identify high-confidence sets of genes with biologically meaningful changes in transcription.(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), in addition to their multilineage differentiation, exert immunomodulatory effects on immune cells, even dendritic cells (DCs). However, whether they influence the destiny of full mature DCs (maDCs) remains controversial. Here we report that MSCs vigorously promote proliferation of maDCs, significantly reduce their expression(More)
MicroRNA (miR)-155 is a critical player in both innate and adaptive immune responses. It can influence CD4(+) T cell lineage choice. To clarify the role of miR-155 in CD4(+) CD25(+) regulatory T (Treg)/T helper (Th)17 cell differentiation and function, as well as the mechanism involved, we performed gain-and loss-of-function analysis by transfection(More)
Smart grid is a promising power delivery infrastructure integrated with communication and information technologies. Its bi-directional communication and electricity flow enable both utilities and customers to monitor, predict, and manage energy usage. It also advances energy and environmental sustainability through the integration of vast distributed energy(More)
Smart Grid is designed to integrate advanced communication/networking technologies into electrical power grids to make them ‘‘smarter’’. Current situation is that most of the blackouts and voltage sags could be prevented if we have better and faster communication devices and technologies for the electrical grid. In order to make the current electrical power(More)
The selectable marker system, which utilizes the pmi gene encoding for phosphomannose-isomerase that converts mannose-6-phosphate to fructose-6-phosphate, was adapted for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Only transformed cells were capable of utilizing mannose as a carbon source. The highest transformation frequency of(More)