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We have produced a draft sequence of the rice genome for the most widely cultivated subspecies in China, Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica, by whole-genome shotgun sequencing. The genome was 466 megabases in size, with an estimated 46,022 to 55,615 genes. Functional coverage in the assembled sequences was 92.0%. About 42.2% of the genome was in exact(More)
Thermoanaerobacter tengcongensis is a rod-shaped, gram-negative, anaerobic eubacterium that was isolated from a freshwater hot spring in Tengchong, China. Using a whole-genome-shotgun method, we sequenced its 2,689,445-bp genome from an isolate, MB4(T) (Genbank accession no. AE008691). The genome encodes 2588 predicted coding sequences (CDS). Among them,(More)
Schizophrenia is one of the most debilitating neuropsychiatric disorders, affecting 0.5-1.0% of the population worldwide. Its pathology, attributed to defects in synaptic transmission, remains elusive. The dystrobrevin-binding protein 1 (DTNBP1) gene, which encodes a coiled-coil protein, dysbindin, is a major susceptibility gene for schizophrenia. Our(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression at posttranscriptional level. H. pylori is a major human pathogenic bacterium in gastric mucosa. To date, the role of miRNAs in response to H. pylori infection has not been explored. METHODS The expression profile of cellular miRNAs during H. pylori infection was(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs), endogenous small non-coding RNAs, are stably detected in human plasma. Early diagnosis of gastric cancer (GC) is very important to improve the therapy effect and prolong the survival of patients. We aimed to identify whether four miRNAs (miR-223, miR-21, miR-218 and miR-25) closely associated with the tumorigenesis or(More)
BACKGROUND Comparative whole genome analysis of Mammalia can benefit from the addition of more species. The pig is an obvious choice due to its economic and medical importance as well as its evolutionary position in the artiodactyls. RESULTS We have generated approximately 3.84 million shotgun sequences (0.66X coverage) from the pig genome. The data are(More)
Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a complex trait with a high heritability. The DTNBP1 gene (encoding dysbindin) is one of the leading susceptible genes of SCZ. This risk gene has been reported to be associated with clinical symptoms such as negative symptoms and cognitive deficits. Although reduction of dysbindin expression in schizophrenic brain tissue has been(More)
This paper summarizes recent activities at Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, in developing superservers for cluster and grid computing. We first identify market and technical trends observed from a Chinese perspective. Then we describe the research work in developing the Dawning series high performance computers and the China(More)
Micelles with high in vivo serum stability and intratumor accumulation post intravenous (i.v.) injection are highly desired for promoting chemotherapy. Herein, we finely synthesized and tailored well-defined anti-Her2 antibody Fab fragment conjugated immunomicelles (FCIMs), which showed interesting dual targeting function. The thermosensitive(More)
Synaptic communication is highly regulated process of contact between cells allowing information to be stored and modified. Synaptic formation and maturation is the result of interactions between intrinsic genetic/molecular factors and the external environment to establish the communication in the brain. One disorder associated with faulty synapse(More)