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The protein product of the c-fos proto-oncogene was immunocytochemically localized in forebrain regions of adult male Lewis rats subjected to a physically aversive footshock stimulus or a Pavlovian-conditioned, non-aversive, auditory stimulus. Animals receiving the conditioned stimulus were first conditioned by repeatedly pairing electric footshock, the(More)
The ability of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) neurons to express the oncogene c-fos was examined during the estrous cycle in rats. The immunocytochemical localization of the c-fos-encoded antigen, Fos, was coupled with the immunocytochemical localization of LHRH. LHRH neurons showed no Fos immunoreactivity during diestrus-1, diestrus-2,(More)
The ability of progesterone (P) to enhance the surge of LH in the rat is well documented, but whether its primary site of action is on the pituitary or brain is unclear. To determine whether P can alter the activation of LHRH neurons, 1) intact female rats were treated with the P antagonist RU486 (5 mg) at 1230 h on proestrus and killed at specified times(More)
Immature female rats received implants containing 17 beta-estradiol on postnatal day 28 at 0900 h, followed 24 h later by either blank capsules or progesterone. Between 1500-1600 h on the day of progesterone (or blank capsule) implantation, these rats, a group of unoperated or sham controls, and a group of estrogen-progesterone-treated immature male rats(More)
In an attempt to define areas of the brain that respond to stressors and influence immune function, we have previously identified stress-induced, c-Fos-immunoreactive areas of the diencephalon. We found that c-Fos was strongly expressed in cells of the paraventricular nuclei (some of which contain corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)) and other(More)
The central nervous system (CNS) projections of primary afferent neurons from individual vestibular receptors were studied using horseradish peroxidase (HRP) or biocytin labeling in 14 ears from 7 adult squirrel monkeys using the technique developed in the chinchilla (Lee et al., 1989, 1992). The specificity of labeling was verified by examining the(More)
N-Methyl-D,L-aspartic acid (NMA), an agonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) excitatory amino acid receptors, stimulates the secretion of LH by increasing the release of LHRH. During proestrus, LHRH neurons express cFos in association with the LH surge. To determine the involvement of NMDA receptors in the activation of LHRH neurons on proestrus, we treated(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important signaling molecule in both the central nervous system and the periphery, where it is involved in neurotransmission, vascular and bronchial tone, inflammation, and cutaneous immune function. More recently, NO has been implicated in intracellular signaling and may have a role in cellular differentiation, cytokine expression,(More)
This manuscript describes the use of staining of Fos-related antigens (FRAs) as markers for changes in neuronal activity. The model system consisted of the tuberoinfundibular dopamine (TIDA) neurons located in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. Under normal conditions, these neurons are devoid of c-Fos staining even though the neurons are tonically(More)