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Sarcopenia, a newly recognized geriatric syndrome, is characterized by age-related decline of skeletal muscle plus low muscle strength and/or physical performance. Previous studies have confirmed the association of sarcopenia and adverse health outcomes, such as falls, disability, hospital admission, long term care placement, poorer quality of life, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare clinical characteristics of sarcopenia defined by the International Working Group on Sarcopenia (IWGS) and European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) criteria among older people in Taiwan. DESIGN A prospective population-based community study. SETTING I-Lan County of Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS A total of 100 young(More)
Sarcopenia was recently classified a geriatric syndrome and is a major challenge to healthy aging. Affected patients tend to have worse clinical outcomes and higher mortality than those without sarcopenia. Although there is general agreement on the principal diagnostic characteristics, initial thresholds for muscle mass, strength, and physical performance(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if understated cognitive impairment existed in individuals with physical frail or earlier prefrail state but without cognitive complaints and the susceptible cognitive domains to the physical frailty. DESIGN A cross-sectional population-based community study. SETTING I-Lan County of Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS A total of 1839(More)
In this study, our objective was to identify the characteristic morphological features of brain MRI associated with a positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tap test in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). Patients diagnosed with clinical suspected iNPH were evaluated. All patients underwent a mini-mental state examination, a brain(More)
OBJECTIVES We report the clinical and cellular phenotypes of two novel MPZ mutations associated with CMT1B. METHODS The two families were evaluated clinically, electrophysiologically, and genetically. The wild-type and mutant P(0) fused with fluorescent proteins were expressed in vitro to monitor their intracellular trafficking. Adhesion assay was also(More)
BACKGROUND The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is an instrument for screening mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This study examined the psychometric properties and the validity of the Taiwan version of the MoCA (MoCA-T) in an elderly outpatient population. METHODS Participants completed the MoCA-T, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Chinese(More)
Mood disorders and the severity of dizziness often interact with each other. However, the impact of age on anxiety and depression in dizzy patients has rarely been explored. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in a group of patients with(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of cardiometabolic risk and frailty through a community-based aging cohort in Taiwan In total, 1839 participants (men, 47.5%; mean age 63.9 ± 9.3 years) from the first wave of the I-Lan longitudinal cohort study, recruited between August of 2011 and August of 2013, were retrieved for the analysis of this(More)
Physical frailty has been recognized as a clinical syndrome resulting from declines in various physiological systems; however, the role of the central nervous system in the pathophysiology of frailty remains unclear. The I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study randomly sampled community-dwelling people aged 50 or older for a brain magnetic resonance imaging study.(More)