Learn More
Sarcopenia, a newly recognized geriatric syndrome, is characterized by age-related decline of skeletal muscle plus low muscle strength and/or physical performance. Previous studies have confirmed the association of sarcopenia and adverse health outcomes, such as falls, disability, hospital admission, long term care placement, poorer quality of life, and(More)
BACKGROUND The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is an instrument for screening mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This study examined the psychometric properties and the validity of the Taiwan version of the MoCA (MoCA-T) in an elderly outpatient population. METHODS Participants completed the MoCA-T, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Chinese(More)
BACKGROUND Hypnotics have been reported to be associated with dementia. However, the relationship between insomnia, hypnotics and dementia is still controversial. We sought to examine the risk of dementia in patients with long-term insomnia and the contribution of hypnotics. METHODS Data was collected from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database.(More)
AIMS Population aging is burdening the society globally, and the evaluation of functional networks is the key toward understanding cognitive changes in normal aging. However, the effect of age on default mode subnetworks has not been documented well, and age-related changes in many resting-state networks remain debatable. The purpose of this study was to(More)
AIM Sarcopenia is a well-recognized geriatric syndrome, which is associated with a variety of adverse outcomes. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of sarcopenia and its associative clinical characteristics in Taiwan. METHODS Data of the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study (ILAS) were retrieved for this study. Sarcopenia was defined according to(More)
In this study, our objective was to identify the characteristic morphological features of brain MRI associated with a positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tap test in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). Patients diagnosed with clinical suspected iNPH were evaluated. All patients underwent a mini-mental state examination, a brain(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare clinical characteristics of sarcopenia defined by the International Working Group on Sarcopenia (IWGS) and European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) criteria among older people in Taiwan. DESIGN A prospective population-based community study. SETTING I-Lan County of Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS A total of 100 young(More)
Sarcopenia was recently classified a geriatric syndrome and is a major challenge to healthy aging. Affected patients tend to have worse clinical outcomes and higher mortality than those without sarcopenia. Although there is general agreement on the principal diagnostic characteristics, initial thresholds for muscle mass, strength, and physical performance(More)
BACKGROUND In general, about 300 g kg(-1) of the weight of papaya fruits appears as waste materials during processing, including a considerable amount of papaya seeds. To make a more efficient use of papaya, it is worth investigating the utilization of the seeds. The aim of this study was to comprehensively assess the lipid characteristics of papaya seed(More)
Subacute combined degeneration (SCD) is known as myelopathy due to vitamin B12 deficiency. SCD always involves the posterior and lateral columns of the spinal cord, with the neuropathologic change showing vacuolation of the white matter. We describe 2 patients who presented with ataxic gait, impaired proprioception over limbs, and even mental change due to(More)