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Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a motor neuron disease caused by deficiency of the ubiquitous survival motor neuron (SMN) protein. To define the mechanisms of selective neuronal dysfunction in SMA, we investigated the role of SMN-dependent U12 splicing events in the regulation of motor circuit activity. We show that SMN deficiency perturbs splicing and(More)
High-throughput sequencing allows the detection and quantification of frequencies of somatic single nucleotide variants (SNV) in heterogeneous tumor cell populations. In some cases, the evolutionary history and population frequency of the subclonal lineages of tumor cells present in the sample can be reconstructed from these SNV frequency measurements. But(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor pathway substrate clone 15 (Eps15) is a protein implicated in endocytosis, endosomal protein sorting, and cytoskeletal organization. Its role is, however, still unclear, because of reasons including limitations of dominant-negative experiments and apparent redundancy with other endocytic proteins. We generated Drosophila(More)
Dynamin-associated protein 160 kDa (Dap160)/intersectin interacts with several synaptic proteins and affects endocytosis and synapse development. The functional role of the different protein interaction domains is not well understood. Here we show that Drosophila Dap160 lacking the dynamin-binding SH3 domains does not affect the development of the(More)
Nitidine chloride (NC), a natural bioactive alkaloid derived from Zanthoxylum nitidum (Roxb) DC, has been shown to have inhibitory effects on various tumors. However, whether NC could exert anti-cancer activity and the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated in renal cancer cells. In this study, we demonstrated the growth inhibitory and pro-apoptotic(More)
Miniature neurotransmission is the transsynaptic process where single synaptic vesicles spontaneously released from presynaptic neurons induce miniature postsynaptic potentials. Since their discovery over 60 years ago, miniature events have been found at every chemical synapse studied. However, the in vivo necessity for these small-amplitude events has(More)
Pre-mRNA alternative splicing is an important mechanism for the generation of synaptic protein diversity, but few factors governing this process have been identified. From a screen for Drosophila mutants with aberrant synaptic development, we identified beag, a mutant with fewer synaptic boutons and decreased neurotransmitter release. Beag encodes a(More)
OBJECTIVES Reptin is an AAA+ ATPase associated with several complexes involved in chromatin remodeling, transcriptional regulation, DNA damage repair, and telomerase activity. Functional studies have implicated reptin in many cellular processes highly relevant to cancer. In this study, we investigated reptin expression in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and its(More)
The successes of targeted drugs with companion predictive biomarkers and the technological advances in gene sequencing have generated enthusiasm for evaluating personalized cancer medicine strategies using genomic profiling. We assessed the feasibility of incorporating real-time analysis of somatic mutations within exons of 19 genes into patient management.(More)
Synapses that sustain neurotransmitter release at high rates often contain special presynaptic cytosolic projections (PCPs) that are believed to facilitate synaptic vesicle (SV) movements to the sites of fusion. The genetically modifiable Drosophila neuromuscular junction (NMJ) serves as one of the model systems to investigate the functions of these(More)