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BACKGROUND There was few detailed demographic and clinical data about Chinese patients with moyamoya disease. Here we describe the clinical features, surgical treatment, and long-term outcome of pediatric patients with moyamoya disease at a single institution in China. METHODS Our cohort included 288 pediatric patients with moyamoya disease. The(More)
BACKGROUND Moyamoya disease (MMD) develops mostly in Asian countries including Japan, Korea, mainland China and Taiwan. However, there are few detailed demographic and clinical data about Chinese patients with MMD. Currently, the most effective treatment in adult patients with MMD is unknown. There have only been a few small case series reporting on(More)
Histone acetyltransferases and deacetylases are two groups of enzymes whose opposing activities govern the dynamic levels of reversible acetylation on specific lysine residues of histones and many other proteins. Gastrointestinal (GI) carcinogenesis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In addition to genetic and environmental factors, the(More)
Lysine acetylation refers to transfer of the acetyl moiety from acetyl-CoA to the ε-amino group of a lysine residue on a protein. This has recently emerged as a major covalent modification and interplays with other modifications, such as phosphorylation, methylation, ubiquitination (addition of a small protein called ubiquitin) and SUMOylation [addition of(More)
BACKGROUND An increasing number of evidence suggests that pancreatic cancer contains cancer stem cells (CSCs), which may be relevant to the resistance of chemotherapy. Latexin (Lxn) is a negative regulator of stem cell proliferation and we investigate the effects of Lxn on CD133+ pancreatic cancer stem-like cells. METHODS CD133+ miapaca-2 cells, a human(More)
This study aims to investigate the significance and mechanism of artesunate involved in suppressing the proliferation of gastric cancer in vitro and in vivo. In the in-vitro experiments, artesunate inhibited the growth of gastric cancer cell lines (SGC-7901, BGC-823, and AGS) with concentration-dependent activity, with no significant effect on GES-1 cells.(More)
AIM To investigate the clinical efficacy and toxic effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy using docetaxel combined with oxaliplatin and fluorouracil for treating stage III/IV gastric cancer. METHODS A total of 53 stage III/IV gastric cancer patients were enrolled into the study and treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Two of the cases were excluded. The(More)
Gossypol is a polyphenolic, yellowish compound derived from cottonseed extract. The present study examined the effects of gossypol on the apoptosis and autophagy of HT‑29 cells. A Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay, Annexin V‑FITC, JC‑1 staining and western blotting were used to identify the viability of cells, stages of apoptosis and the expression levels of the(More)
The aim of the study is to demonstrate the effect of Romidepsin in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by inducing G2/M phase arrest via Erk/cdc25C/cdc2/cyclinB pathway and apoptosis through JNK/c-Jun/caspase3 pathway in vitro and in vivo. Human HCC cell lines were cultured with Romidepsin and DMSO (negative control) and 5-fluorouracil (positive control). Then(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE Recently, interest in the role of aquaporin 1 (AQP1) in human gastrointestinal carcinogenesis has developed. However, to date no studies have examined relationships between AQP1 expression and specific characteristics of gastric adenocarcinoma. METHODS We investigated 109 specimens of primary gastric adenocarcinoma and their(More)
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