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In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: Abstract In this paper, we propose a novel robust line orientation code for palmprint(More)
The composition and activity of the gut microbiota codevelop with the host from birth and is subject to a complex interplay that depends on the host genome, nutrition, and life-style. The gut microbiota is involved in the regulation of multiple host metabolic pathways, giving rise to interactive host-microbiota metabolic, signaling, and immune-inflammatory(More)
In this brief, a novel local descriptor, named local binary count (LBC), is proposed for rotation invariant texture classification. The proposed LBC can extract the local binary grayscale difference information, and totally abandon the local binary structural information. Although the LBC codes do not represent visual microstructure, the statistics of LBC(More)
Humans have evolved intimate symbiotic relationships with a consortium of gut microbes (microbiome) and individual variations in the microbiome influence host health, may be implicated in disease etiology, and affect drug metabolism, toxicity, and efficacy. However, the molecular basis of these microbe-host interactions and the roles of individual bacterial(More)
A new combined gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method has been developed suitable for the urine sample treatment in aqueous phase with ethyl chloroformate (ECF) derivatization agents. The method has been extensively optimized and validated over a broad range of different compounds and urine samples. Analysis of test metabolite derivatives,(More)
Chronic stress is closely linked to clinical depression, which could be assessed by a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) animal model. We present here a GC/MS-based metabolic profiling approach to investigate neurochemical changes in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, thalamus, and remaining brain tissues. Multi-criteria assessment for multivariate(More)
In this brief, we propose a novel contour-based shape descriptor, called the multiscale distance matrix, to capture the shape geometry while being invariant to translation, rotation, scaling, and bilateral symmetry. The descriptor is further combined with a dimensionality reduction to improve its discriminative power. The proposed method avoids the(More)
Over the centuries, Chinese herbal drugs have served as a major source of medicines for the prevention and treatment of diseases including diabetes mellitus (known as 'Xiao-ke'). It is estimated that more than 200 species of plants exhibit hypoglycaemic properties, including many common plants, such as pumpkin, wheat, celery, wax guard, lotus root and(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignancy in the world with high morbidity and mortality rate. Identification of novel biomarkers in HCC remains impeded primarily because of the heterogeneity of the disease in clinical presentations as well as the pathophysiological variations derived from underlying conditions such as cirrhosis and(More)