Learn More
alpha-Synuclein (alpha-Syn) is a 14 kDa protein of unknown function that has been implicated in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). Here, we show that alpha-Syn-/- mice are viable and fertile, exhibit intact brain architecture, and possess a normal complement of dopaminergic cell bodies, fibers, and synapses. Nigrostriatal terminals of(More)
Glial-cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and neurturin (NTN) are two structurally related, potent survival factors for sympathetic, sensory and central nervous system neurons. GDNF mediates its actions through a multicomponent receptor system composed of a ligand-binding glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked protein (designated GDNFR-alpha)(More)
Relaxin is a polypeptide hormone best known for its role in parturition. However, high affinity relaxin receptors have been localized in the rat brain and heart in addition to the uterus. Several lines of evidence also suggest that relaxin may be involved in the regulation of blood pressure, heart rate, and the release of oxytocin and vasopressin. We now(More)
We report identification of interleukin (IL)-17E, a novel member of the IL-17 family of cytokines. IL-17E is a ligand for the recently identified protein termed EVI27/IL-17BR, which we term IL-17 receptor homolog 1 (IL-17Rh1) in light of the multiple reported ligand-receptor relationships. Murine EVI27 was identified through its location at a common site of(More)
The heregulin family of polypeptides arise as splice variants from a single gene and share a conserved epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like domain thought to be the major determinant of their biological activities. We report here the cloning of a novel member of this family, termed sensory and motor neuron-derived factor or SMDF, which is highly expressed in(More)
We report the identification of a novel human cytokine, distantly related to interleukin (IL)-10, which we term IL-22. IL-22 is produced by activated T cells. IL-22 is a ligand for CRF2-4, a member of the class II cytokine receptor family. No high affinity ligand has yet been reported for this receptor, although it has been reported to serve as a second(More)
We have cloned and sequenced a cDNA encoding the mouse class III alcohol dehydrogenase, Adh-B2. Adh-B2 mRNA is detectable in all the mouse tissues tested. Class III ADHs are highly conserved: the deduced amino acid sequence of the mouse Adh-B2 is 91 to 97% identical to the human, horse and rat liver enzymes. The mouse Adh-B2 cDNA is 87% identical in(More)
All nine exons of the ADH2(3) allele, which encodes the human alcohol dehydrogenase beta 3 subunit, have been cloned and sequenced. Comparison of this sequence to the ADH2(1) nucleotide sequence revealed only a single difference that results in an amino acid change, thus proving that the significant kinetic differences between these two isozymes is due to(More)