Wei-Guang Li

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Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) have long been considered as extracellular proton (H(+))-gated cation channels, and peripheral ASIC3 channels seem to be a natural sensor of acidic pain. Here, we report the identification of a nonproton sensor on ASIC3. We show first that 2-guanidine-4-methylquinazoline (GMQ) causes persistent ASIC3 channel activation at(More)
The acid-sensing ion channel 1 (ASIC1) is a key receptor for extracellular protons. Although numerous structural and functional studies have been performed on this channel, the structural dynamics underlying the gating mechanism remains unknown. We used normal mode analysis, mutagenesis, and electrophysiological methods to explore the relationship between(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are known to be primarily activated by extracellular protons. Recently, we characterized a novel nonproton ligand (2-guanidine-4-methylquinazoline, GMQ), which activates the ASIC3 channel subtype at neutral pH. Using an interactive computational-experimental approach, here we extend our investigation to delineate the(More)
Ammonium removal from source water is usually inhibited by insufficient carbon sources and low temperature in Northeastern China. A strain Y16 was isolated from oligotrophic niche and was identified as Acinetobacter sp. Y16. It demonstrated excellent capability for ammonium removal at 2 °C, and simultaneously produced nitrogen gas as the end product. About(More)
Tissue acidosis and inflammatory mediators play critical roles in inflammatory pain. Extracellular acidosis activates acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs), which have emerged as key sensors for extracellular protons in the central and peripheral nervous systems and play key roles in pain sensation and transmission. Additionally, inflammatory mediators, such as(More)
BACKGROUND Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) have long been known to sense extracellular protons and contribute to sensory perception. Peripheral ASIC3 channels represent natural sensors of acidic and inflammatory pain. We recently reported the use of a synthetic compound, 2-guanidine-4-methylquinazoline (GMQ), to identify a novel nonproton sensing domain(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs), which belong to the epithelial sodium channel/degenerin family, are activated by extracellular protons and are inhibited by amiloride (AMI), an important pharmacological tool for studying all known members of epithelial sodium channel/degenerin. In this study, we reported that AMI paradoxically opened homomeric ASIC3 and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which acid-sensing ion channel 1a (ASIC1a) plays its role in the secondary injury after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI), and validate the neuroprotective effect of ASIC1a suppression in SCI model in vivo. BACKGROUND Secondary damage after traumatic SCI contributes to the exacerbation of(More)
The strain SFA13, isolated from Songhua River, demonstrates ability to convert ammonium to nitrogen under aerobic conditions at low temperature. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence, the strain SFA13 was a species in genera Microbacterium. The isolate showed unusual ability of autotrophic nitrification with the ratio of 0.11 mg NH4(+)-N/L/h at 5°C.(More)
AIMS To investigate the effect of metformin on the expression profiles of microRNAs in human pancreatic cancer cells. METHODS MicroRNAs real-time PCR Array was applied to investigate differentially expressed miRNAs in Sw1990 cells treated with or without metformin. Stem-loop real time RT-PCR was used to confirm the results of the array assay in Sw1990 and(More)