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A facile and efficient method for the precise editing of large viral genomes is required for the selection of attenuated vaccine strains and the construction of gene therapy vectors. The type II prokaryotic CRISPR-Cas (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated (Cas)) RNA-guided nuclease system can be introduced into host(More)
We have recently demonstrated that human apolipoprotein E (apoE) is required for the infectivity and assembly of hepatitis C virus (HCV) (K. S. Chang, J. Jiang, Z. Cai, and G. Luo, J. Virol. 81:13783-13793, 2007; J. Jiang and G. Luo, J. Virol. 83:12680-12691, 2009). In the present study, we have determined the molecular basis underlying the importance of(More)
Viruses are known to use virally encoded envelope proteins for cell attachment, which is the very first step of virus infection. In the present study, we have obtained substantial evidence demonstrating that hepatitis C virus (HCV) uses the cellular protein apolipoprotein E (apoE) for its attachment to cells. An apoE-specific monoclonal antibody was able to(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, high proportions (15.6%-98.7%) of intravenous drug users (IDUs) in China were found to be positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV). Yunnan Province is located in southwestern China and borders one of the world's most important opium-producing regions, thus it is an important drug trafficking route to other regions of China. (More)
Of the five HSV1 immediate-early proteins, infected-cell protein 22 (ICP22), the product of the Us1 gene, is a member whose function is less understood. In order to promote better understanding of the role of ICP22 in viral replication, mutation and fluorescence techniques were used to investigate the biochemical relationship between ICP22's structure and(More)
The CRISPR-Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats and CRISPR-associated protein 9) system has been widely used for viral genome editing, transcription regulation and chromosomal localization in eukaryotic cells. In this study, a guide RNA (gRNA) that specifically recognizes HSV-1 viral genomes was used in the CRISPR-Cas9 system to(More)
Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) is the most prevalent virus in human cervical cancers, as it is present in more than half of all cases. Many studies have found continued expression of E6 and E7 proteins in the majority of cervical cancer cases, but not in normal tissues. These results indicated that the E6 and E7 proteins could be ideal candidate(More)
ICP0 is a multifunctional protein that plays diverse roles in herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection. It can promote the lytic replication of HSV-1 and activate a variety of viral or cellular genes when introduced into cells by transfection or infection. However, the exact mechanism of ICP0 action is not fully understood. In the present study, we(More)
Nuclear proteins often form punctiform structures, but the precise mechanism for this process is unknown. As a preliminary study, we investigated the aggregation of an HSV-1 immediate-early protein, infected-cell protein 22 (ICP22), in the nucleus by observing the localization of ICP22-EGFP fusion protein. Results showed that, in high-level expression(More)
The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) tegument proteins have important functions in the viral replication process. In order to investigate the role of the HSV-1 tegument protein VP22 in viral replication, its transcriptional regulation of viral promoters was investigated using the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) assay. The results indicate that(More)