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Very limited information is available concerning the epidemiology of T. gondii infection in pregnant women in eastern China. Therefore, a case-control study was conducted to estimate the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in this population group and to identify risk factors and possible routes of contamination. Serum samples were collected from 965 pregnant(More)
BACKGROUND Toxocarosis is a widespread zoonosis caused by the ascarid nematodes Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati, which primarily infect dogs and cats, respectively. Most human infections with Toxocara are asymptomatic; however, some infected individuals may develop a serious illness and even death. Nevertheless, epidemiological knowledge regarding the(More)
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) and bovine leukemia virus (BLV) are important pathogens, commonly responsible for economical loss to cattle farms all over the world, yet their epidemiology in commercial dairy and beef cattle in China is still unknown. Thus, from September 2013 to December 2014, a large-scale seroprevalence study was(More)
—We successfully demonstrate a spectral phase-encoded time-spreading (SPECTS) optical code-division multiple-access (O-CDMA) field trial on an 80.8-km link within the Boston-South Network (BOSSNET) using a fully-integrated, polarization-independent arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG)-based encoder/decoder. The subpicosecond pulse source is based on an(More)
—We demonstrate two-user error-free performance of security enhanced spectral phase-encoded time-spreading optical code-division multiple-access across a 150-km field fiber link. The testbed incorporates a 64-mode optical frequency comb source, a fully integrated silica arrayed waveguide grating spectral phase en-coder/decoder, and a tunable dispersion(More)
Although proper tongue development is relevant to other structures in the craniofacial region, the molecular details of muscle development in tongue remain poorly understood. Here, we report that pregnant mice treated with retinoic acid (+RA) produce embryos with tongue malformation and a cleft palate. Histological analyses revealed that at E14.5, the(More)
—This paper discusses design, simulation, and experimental investigations of optical-code-division multiple-access (O-CDMA) networking using a spectral phase-encoded time spreading (SPECTS) method. O-CDMA technologies can potentially provide flexible access of optical bandwidths in excess of 1 Tb/s without relying on wavelength-or(More)