Wei-Chun Huang

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OBJECTIVE Indwelling urinary catheters are the most common source of infections in intensive care units (ICUs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of nurse-generated daily reminders to physicians to remove unnecessary urinary catheters 5 days after insertion. DESIGN A time-sequence nonrandomized intervention study. SETTING Adult ICUs(More)
Remodelling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and cell surface by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is an important function of monocytes and macrophages. Recent work has emphasised the diverse roles of classically and alternatively activated macrophages but the consequent regulation of MMPs and their inhibitors has not been studied comprehensively.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) production from monocyte/macrophages is implicated in matrix remodelling and modulation of inflammation. However, knowledge of the patterns and mechanisms of gene regulation of MMPs and their endogenous tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) is fragmentary. MMP up-regulation may be a target for cyclooxygenase (COX)(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by progressive increases in vascular resistance and the remodeling of pulmonary arteries. The accumulation of inflammatory cells in the lung and elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines in the bloodstream suggest that inflammation may play a role in PAH. In this study, the benefits of induced(More)
BACKGROUND Real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) makes possible the simultaneous visualization of changes in perfusion imaging and wall motion. OBJECTIVES To assess the accuracy of real-time MCE for detecting the presence and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD), and to evaluate the correlation between wall motion and myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Although E/e' (the ratio of early diastolic mitral inflow velocity to early diastolic mitral annular velocity) is widely used to measure left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP), its accuracy is questionable in coronary artery disease patients. METHODS AND RESULTS Echocardiograms and LVFP were obtained from 174 patients with stable angina(More)
Echocardiograms and left ventricular (LV) filling pressure were obtained from 95 patients with chronic severe mitral regurgitation (MR) and 16 patients with acute severe MR. All patients underwent catheterization for preoperative examinations and LV filling pressure measurements. A total of 52 age-, gender- and co-morbidity-matched patients with negative(More)
Real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) has the potential to evaluate myocardial perfusion and wall motion (WM) simultaneously. The purposes of this study were to correlate the diagnostic value of MCE with radionuclide single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and to assess the sensitivity and specificity of real-time MCE in detecting(More)
Because left atrial (LA) volume plays a critical role in determining cardiovascular outcomes, it was hypothesized that this might be related to the distensibility of the left atrium and how this relates to left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP). Echocardiographic estimates of LVFP were compared to cardiac catheterization measurements in 521 consecutive(More)