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MicroRNAs (miRNAs), i.e. small non-coding RNA molecules (∼22 nt), can bind to one or more target sites on a gene transcript to negatively regulate protein expression, subsequently controlling many cellular mechanisms. A current and curated collection of miRNA-target interactions (MTIs) with experimental support is essential to thoroughly elucidating miRNA(More)
Escherichia coli has been engineered to produce isobutanol, with titers reaching greater than the toxicity level. However, the specific effects of isobutanol on the cell have never been fully understood. Here, we aim to identify genotype-phenotype relationships in isobutanol response. An isobutanol-tolerant mutant was isolated with serial transfers. Using(More)
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a linear and negatively charged polysaccharide regularly used in medicine and cosmetics. Recently Streptococcus zooepidemicus has been exploited in the fermentation industry to produce HA. Many studies showed that higher amounts of HA were produced under aerobic condition compared to anaerobic conditions. To explore the effect of(More)
Eighty-one stool samples from Taiwanese were collected for analysis of the association between the gut flora and obesity. The supervised analysis showed that the most, abundant genera of bacteria in normal samples (from people with a body mass index (BMI) ≤ 24) were Bacteroides (27.7%), Prevotella (19.4%), Escherichia (12%), Phascolarctobacterium (3.9%),(More)
Despite advances in operating system resource management and the availability of standardised container libraries, developing scalable high-capacity applications remains a nontrivial endeavour. Naïve implementations of fundamental algorithms often rapidly exhaust system resources under heavy load. Resolving this via manual refactoring is usually(More)
Significance of single cell measurements stems from the substantial temporal fluctuations and cell-cell variability possessed by individual cells. A major difficulty in monitoring surface non-adherent cells such as bacteria and yeast is that these cells tend to aggregate into clumps during growth, obstructing the tracking or identification of single-cells(More)
Some previous studies have identified bacteria in semen as being a potential factor in male infertility. However, only few types of bacteria were taken into consideration while using PCR-based or culturing methods. Here we present an analysis approach using next-generation sequencing technology and bioinformatics analysis to investigate the associations(More)
Over the past 30 years, many software reliability growth models (SRGMs) have been proposed for estimation of reliability growth of software. In fact, effective debugging is not easy because the fault may not be immediately obvious. In the past, some researchers ever used an infinite server queueing (ISO) model to describe the software debugging behavior. An(More)
Currently, the accompanying side effects of anti-cancer drugs owing to incorrect delivery to normal tissues should be reduced. We present a database (MRTDD) with identified cancer highly-expressed membrane receptors (CHMRs) which can be used in targeted drug delivery. To evaluate the probability of occurrence of incorrect delivery, we calculate tissue index(More)