Wei-Chen Chang

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Cyanobacterial aldehyde decarbonylases (ADs) catalyze the conversion of C(n) fatty aldehydes to formate (HCO(2)(-)) and the corresponding C(n-1) alk(a/e)nes. Previous studies of the Nostoc punctiforme (Np) AD produced in Escherichia coli (Ec) showed that this apparently hydrolytic reaction is actually a cryptically redox oxygenation process, in which one(More)
Isoprenoids are a class of natural products with more than 55,000 members. All isoprenoids are constructed from two precursors, isopentenyl diphosphate and its isomer dimethylallyl diphosphate. Two of the most important discoveries in isoprenoid biosynthetic studies in recent years are the elucidation of a second isoprenoid biosynthetic pathway [the(More)
2.2. Cyclopropane Biosynthesis via S-Adenosylmethionine (SAM)-Dependent Methylation 1688 2.3. Cyclopropane Biosynthesis via Carbanionic Intermediates 1689 3. Epoxide Biosynthesis 1691 3.1. P450-Dependent Epoxidases 1692 3.2. Flavin-Dependent Epoxidases 1695 3.3. Cofactor-Independent Epoxidation 1696 3.4. Non-heme Iron-Dependent Epoxidases 1697 3.5. Epoxide(More)
Isoprenoids are one of the largest classes of natural products and all of them are constructed from two precursors, isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and its isomer dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP). For decades, the mevalonic acid (MVA) pathway was proposed to be the only IPP and DMAPP biosynthetic pathway. This review summarizes the newly discovered IPP and(More)
UDP-galactopyranose mutase (UGM) requires reduced FAD (FAD(red)) to catalyze the reversible interconversion of UDP-galactopyranose (UDP-Galp) and UDP-galactofuranose (UDP-Galf). Recent structural and mechanistic studies of UGM have provided evidence for the existence of an FAD-Galf/p adduct as an intermediate in the catalytic cycle. These findings are(More)
The type II isopentenyl diphosphate/dimethylallyl diphosphate isomerase (IDI-2) is a flavin mononucleotide (FMN)-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the reversible isomerization of isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) to dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP), a reaction with no net change in redox state of the coenzyme or substrate. Here, UV-vis spectral analysis of(More)
The iron-dependent epoxidase HppE converts (S)-2-hydroxypropyl-1-phosphonate (S-HPP) to the antibiotic fosfomycin [(1R,2S)-epoxypropylphosphonate] in an unusual 1,3-dehydrogenation of a secondary alcohol to an epoxide. HppE has been classified as an oxidase, with proposed mechanisms differing primarily in the identity of the O2-derived iron complex that(More)