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Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is the most prevalent esophageal cancer type in the United States. The TNF-α/mTOR pathway is known to mediate the development of EAC. Additionally, aberrant activation of Gli1, downstream effector of the Hedgehog (HH) pathway, has been observed in EAC. In this study, we found that an activated mTOR/S6K1 pathway promotes Gli1(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), an aberrantly overexpressed or activated receptor-tyrosine kinase in many cancers, plays a pivotal role in cancer progression and has been an attractive target for cancer therapy. Gefitinib and erlotinib, two EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors, have been approved for non-small cell lung cancer. However, durable clinical(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are generated by two-step processing to yield small RNAs that negatively regulate target gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Deregulation of miRNAs has been linked to diverse pathological processes, including cancer. Recent studies have also implicated miRNAs in the regulation of cellular response to a spectrum of stresses,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the utility of brain thallium-201 single photon emission computerized tomography (Tl-201 SPECT) combined with Toxoplasma serology for the diagnosis of focal CNS lesions in patients with AIDS. METHODS Sixty-one consecutive HIV-infected patients with focal CNS lesion(s) on head computed tomography (CT) or MRI scan who underwent brain(More)
PURPOSE To search for novel disease-specific markers in gastric juice by investigating the protein concentrations and components in gastric juice from patients with various gastroduodenal diseases. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Protein concentrations and pH values in fasting gastric juice were examined in 120 healthy subjects and 39 gastric ulcer, 38 duodenal(More)
AIM To search the independent factors determining gastric juice acidity and to investigate the acidity of gastric juices in various benign and malignant upper gastrointestinal diseases. METHODS Fasting gastric juice acidity of 165 healthy subjects and 346 patients with esophageal ulcer (n = 21), gastric ulcer (n = 136), duodenal ulcer (n = 100) or gastric(More)
Proinflammatory cytokine TNFα plays critical roles in promoting malignant cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and tumor metastasis in many cancers. However, the mechanism of TNFα-mediated tumor development remains unclear. Here, we show that IKKα, an important downstream kinase of TNFα, interacts with and phosphorylates FOXA2 at S107/S111, thereby suppressing(More)
EGF induces the translocation of EGF receptor (EGFR) from the cell surface to the nucleus where EGFR activates gene transcription through its binding to an AT-rich sequence (ATRS) of the target gene promoter. However, how EGFR, without a DNA-binding domain, can bind to the gene promoter is unclear. In the present study, we show that RNA helicase A (RHA) is(More)
SVS I was exclusively expressed in seminal vesicle in which the protein was immunolocalized primarily to the luminal epithelium of mucosal folds. The developmental profile of its mRNA expression was shown to be androgen-dependent, manifesting a positive correlation with the animal's maturation. There are 43 glutamine and 43 lysine residues in one molecule(More)