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Electrocoagulation (EC) is an electrochemical technique which has been employed in the treatment of various kinds of wastewater. In this work the potential use of EC for the treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME) was investigated. In a laboratory scale, POME from a factory site in Chumporn Province (Thailand) was subjected to EC using aluminum as(More)
Microwave-assisted hydrodistillation was used to isolate an essential oil from the leaves of Cinnamomum iners Reinw. ex Bl., and the results compared with those obtained by conventional hydrodistillation. The composition of the oil from both methods was found to be similar, and (-)-linalool was found as the main component (30-50%). The antioxidant activity(More)
A rapid route to a series of naphthoquinone-fused indole derivatives via irradiation in a modified commercial domestic microwave is reported. The desired products were produced in high yields and short reaction times. The naphthoquinone-fused indole derivatives were evaluated for their pro-inflammatory cytokines responses using lipopolysaccharide(More)
Electrocoagulation of a plant extract and certain substances representative of selected classes of plant pigments, viz. chlorophyll, a carotenoid, a phenolic substance and a tannin, was performed in ethanol containing varying amounts of water (15-75%). The results showed that the extent and efficiency of coagulation of these substances tends to vary in a(More)
Preparation of synthetic analogues of 28-homobrassinosteroids is reported. Also, the addition of the 28-homocastasterone at the C6 carbonyl group via allyl Gringard reagent followed by olefin cross metathesis resulted in dimeric analogues. Rice lamina inclination assay showed that the replacement of the C6 carbonyl group by 6α-allyl and 6β hydroxyl groups(More)
A series of naphthoquinones fused benzazepines, 5,6,8,13-tetrahydro-7H-naphtho[2,3-a][3]-benzazepine-8,13-diones, were synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer activity against four cell lines; human breast carcinoma cell line, human cervix carcinoma cell line, human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line and human keratinocyte cell line. The results(More)
Some representative quinones, viz. one naphthoquinone (plumbagin) and five anthraquinones (alizarin, purpurin, chrysazin, emodin, and anthrarufin), were subjected to electrocoagulation. It was found that the rate and extent of coagulation of these compounds appears to correlate with the number and relative position of their phenolic substituent groups, and(More)
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