Wayne W Campbell

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To examine the adaptations of the endocrine system to heavy-resistance training in younger vs. older men, two groups of men (30 and 62 yr old) participated in a 10-wk periodized strength-power training program. Blood was obtained before, immediately after, and 5, 15, and 30 min after exercise at rest before and after training and at rest at -3, 0, 6, and 10(More)
Effects of a 10-week progressive strength training program composed of a mixture of exercises for increasing muscle mass, maximal peak force, and explosive strength (rapid force production) were examined in 8 young (YM) (29+/-5 yrs) and 10 old (OM) (61+/-4 yrs) men. Electromyographic activity, maximal bilateral isometric peak force, and maximal rate of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a 12-wk exercise training program on inflammatory cytokine and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations. A secondary purpose was to determine whether training-induced changes in cytokines and CRP were influenced by age. METHODS Twenty-nine younger (18-35 yr) and 31 older (65-85 yr) subjects(More)
Nitrogen (N) balance, fed-state leucine kinetics, and urinary 3-methylhistidine (3-MeH) excretion were examined in 12 men and women, aged 56-80 yr, before and during 12 wk of resistance training (RT). Subjects were randomized to groups that consumed diets providing either 0.80 +/- 0.02 g protein.kg-1.day-1 (lower protein, LP) or 1.62 +/- 0.02 g(More)
BACKGROUND Inadequate dietary protein intake results in loss of skeletal muscle mass. Some shorter-term nitrogen balance studies suggest that the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of protein may not be adequate for older people. The aim of this study was to assess the adequacy of the RDA of protein for older people by examining longer-term responses in(More)
The influence of an exercise training program and age on inflammatory cytokine production and CD14+cell-surface expression of toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) was examined in 60 younger and older subjects. Subjects were assigned to: young physically active (YPA, n = 15; 25.2 +/- 5.0 years), young physically inactive (YPI, n = 14;(More)
BACKGROUND Inadequate dietary protein intake causes adverse changes in the morphology and function of skeletal muscle. These changes may be reflected in early alterations in muscle messenger RNA levels. OBJECTIVE This study assessed whether inadequate protein intake differentially affects skeletal muscle transcript concentrations and expression profiles(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the acute responses of several hormones [total and free testosterone (TT and FT, respectively), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), cortisol (C), growth hormone (GH), and insulin (INS)] to a single bout of heavy resistance exercise (HRE). Eight younger [30-year (30y) group] and nine older [62-year (62y)(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of dietary protein and obesity classification on energy-restriction-induced changes in weight, body composition, appetite, mood, and cardiovascular and kidney health. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Forty-six women, ages 28 to 80, BMI 26 to 37 kg/m(2), followed a 12-week 750-kcal/d energy-deficit diet containing higher(More)
Dietary protein requirements of elderly people were determined by short-term nitrogen-balance techniques and using calculations recommended by the 1985 Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. Twelve men and women aged 56-80 y were randomly assigned to groups that consumed either 0.80 +/- 0.01 or 1.62 +/- 0.02 g protein.kg-1.d-1 (mean +/- SEM). Net nitrogen(More)