Wayne S. Lapp

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The T cell protein tyrosine phosphatase (TC-PTP) is one of the most abundant mammalian tyrosine phosphatases in hematopoietic cells; however, its role in hematopoietic cell function remains unknown. In this report, we investigated the physiological function(s) of TC-PTP by generating TC-PTP-deficient mutant mice. The three genotypes (+/+, +/-, -/-) showed(More)
We present evidence that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is transiently expressed at specific times during embryogenesis in precisely defined areas of the nervous system in two different classes of vertebrates. In murine embryos, TNF-alpha was detected in the brain, neural tube and peripheral mixed spinal nerves. In the chick embryo, TNF-alpha was(More)
Certain strains of mice display an increased frequency of fetal resorption, but little is known about the effector mechanisms involved. We have examined the events associated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced fetal resorption in mice. Administration of 25 micrograms LPS on Day 12 of gestation resulted in the appearance of tumour necrosis factor-alpha(More)
The deregulation of the immune response is a critical component in inflammatory disease. Recent in vitro data show that T-cell protein tyrosine phosphatase (TC-PTP) is a negative regulator of cytokine signaling. Furthermore, tc-ptp(-/-) mice display immune defects and die within 5 weeks of birth. We report here that tc-ptp(-/-) mice develop progressive(More)
During acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) the activation of macrophages (Mphi) is mediated by 2 signals, interferon (IFN)-gamma and bacteria-derived lipopolysaccharide (LPS). A cascade of inflammatory responses that includes the release of mediators of tissue injury follows Mphi activation. Among the tissues characteristically targeted during acute GVHD(More)
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