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Alpha5IA is a compound that binds with equivalent subnanomolar affinity to the benzodiazepine (BZ) site of GABA(A) receptors containing an alpha1, alpha2, alpha3, or alpha5 subunit but has inverse agonist efficacy selective for the alpha5 subtype. As a consequence, the in vitro and in vivo effects of this compound are mediated primarily via GABA(A)(More)
The anti-emetic profile of the novel brain penetrant tachykinin NK1 receptor antagonist MK-0869 (L-754,030) 2-(R)-(1-(R)-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenylethoxy)-3-(S)-(4-fluor o)phenyl-4-(3-oxo-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)methylmorpholine and its water soluble prodrug, L-758,298, has been examined against emesis induced by cisplatin in ferrets. In a 4 h observation(More)
5IA is a compound that binds with equivalent subnanomolar affinity to the benzodiazepine (BZ) site of GABAA receptors containing an 1, 2, 3, or 5 subunit but has inverse agonist efficacy selective for the 5 subtype. As a consequence, the in vitro and in vivo effects of this compound are mediated primarily via GABAA receptors containing an 5 subunit. In a(More)
1-(5-[[(2R,3S)-2-([(1R)-1-[3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethyl]oxy)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)morpholin-4-yl]methyl]-2H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-N,N-dimethylmethanamine hydrochloride 3 is a high affinity, orally active, h-NK(1) receptor antagonist with a long central duration of action and a solubility in water of >100 mg/mL. The construction of the(More)
Exogenous cholecystokinin (CCK) decreases food intake and causes satiety in animals and man. However, it has not been established that endogenous CCK causes satiety or whether the response is mediated by peripheral-type (CCK-A) or brain-type (CCK-B) receptors. The development of potent and selective antagonists for CCK-A (MK-329) and CCK-B (L-365,260)(More)
The ability of tachykinin NK1 receptor antagonists to inhibit GR73632 (D-Ala-[L-Pro9,Me-Leu8]substance P-(7-11))-induced foot tapping in gerbils was employed as an indirect measure of brain penetration and this was compared with their ability to prevent acute emesis induced by cisplatin in ferrets. (+)-GR203040 ((2S,3S and(More)
The pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and brain penetration of the neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptor antagonist (substance P receptor antagonist), aprepitant (MK-0869), were examined in ferrets. This species exhibits human-type NK1receptor pharmacology and is of proven value in the identification of clinically useful drugs for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced(More)
(3-tert-Butyl-7-(5-methylisoxazol-3-yl)-2-(1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-ylmethoxy)pyrazolo[1,5-d][1,2,4]triazine (13) has been identified as a functionally selective, inverse agonist at the benzodiazepine site of GABA(A) alpha5 receptors. 13 is orally bioavailable, readily penetrates the CNS, and enhances performance in animal models of cognition. It does(More)
The regioselective dibenzylphosphorylation of 2 followed by catalytic reduction in the presence of N-methyl-D-glucamine afforded 2-(S)-(1-(R)-(3, 5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)ethoxy)-3-(S)-(4-fluoro)phenyl-4-(5-(2- phosphoryl-3-oxo-4H,-1,2,4-triazolo)methylmorpholine, bis(N-methyl-D-glucamine) salt, 11. Incubation of 11 in rat, dog, and human plasma and in(More)
These studies have compared the pharmacological profile of two non-peptide human type neurokinin1 (hNK1) receptor selective antagonists, L-741,671 and a quaternised compound L-743,310. In radioligand binding studies L-741,671 and L-743,310 had high affinity for ferret and cloned hNK1 receptors [Ki (nM) ferret 0.7 and 0.1; human 0.03 and 0.06, respectively](More)