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Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) is a methodology used to organize and analyze scientific information to estimate the probability and severity of an adverse event. Applied to microbial food safety, the methodology can also help to identify those stages in the manufacture, distribution, handling, and consumption of foods that contribute to an increased(More)
As has been observed by Wallach (1948), perceived lightness is proportional to the ratio between the luminances of adjacent regions in simple disk-annulus or bipartite scenes. This psychophysical finding resonates with neurophysiological evidence that retinal mechanisms of receptor adaptation and lateral inhibition transform the incoming illuminance array(More)
The low-level RF system for PEP-II is a modular design housed in a VXI environment and supported by EPICS. All signal processing and control is done at baseband using in-phase and quadrature (IQ) techniques. Remotely configurable RF feedback loops are used to control coupled-bunch instabilities driven by the accelerating mode of the RF cavities. A(More)
A modal decomposition is used to study the coupled longitudinal motion of electron bunches in a storage ring. The decomposition allows the simultaneous measurement o f g r o wth rates and feedback induced damping rates of all unstable beam modes via a time-domain transient technique. The damping rates of naturally stable modes are measured via a related(More)
The study of 34,561 urine specimens, submitted for designer stimulant testing between February 2011 and January 2013, provided an opportunity: to estimate the range of synthetic cathinones (SC) abused in the USA, to observe multiple examples of metabolic profiles for each drug in various stages of excretion in human urine, to evaluate the extent of(More)
The Gap Voltage Feed-Forward (GVFF) Module produces adaptively generated inphase (I) and quadrature (Q) reference signals for a single RF station. This module measures the periodic (1-turn) beam induced cavity transients caused by the presence of an ion clearing gap in the beam. A reference waveform is generated to minimize the direct feedback error signal(More)
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