Wayne R Rogers

Learn More
BACKGROUND Coronary bypass surgery often leads to short-term cognitive dysfunction, whereas coronary angioplasty does not. Perioperative cognitive dysfunction usually resolves, although a subgroup of surgical patients may continue to exhibit long-term cognitive dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to compare cognitive function 5 years after(More)
A patient with Q fever endocarditis, which is almost unknown in the United States, was followed for a total of 32 months; the study was begun 3 1/2 months before aortic valve replacement. Diagnosis was confirmed by serology, visualization of Coxiella burnetii in excised aortic valve tissue by direct and immunofluorescence staining, and isolation of C.(More)
Human cigarette smokers modify the way in which they smoke cigarettes of differing nicotine content, apparently to maintain nicotine exposure at a preferred level. The effects of changing from moderate to high or low nicotine content cigarettes were examined in 11 baboons (superspecies Papio cynocephalus) trained to smoke cigarettes for water rewards.(More)
Some individuals report that, following either a single high-level or repeated lower-level exposures to chemicals (initiation), subsequent exposure to very low concentrations of chemicals (triggering) produces a variety of adverse effects, including disruption of cognitive processes. Our objective was to model this two-step process in a laboratory animal.(More)
BACKGROUND Patients who undergo coronary angioplasty have a shorter convalescence than those who undergo coronary bypass surgery. This may improve subsequent employment. OBJECTIVE To compare employment patterns after coronary angioplasty or surgery. DESIGN Multicenter, randomized clinical trial. SETTING Seven tertiary care hospitals. PATIENTS 409(More)
The effect of C5a, a fragment of the fifth complement component, on alveolar macrophage migration was studied using a micropore method. Cells were obtained by broncho-pulmonary lavage, in vivo or in vitro, from control baboons and baboons taught to smoke cigarettes. Macrophage migration directly depended on the C5a concentration cells encountered. The(More)
Experiments with rodents indicate that power-frequency electric field (EF) or magnetic field (MF) exposure can suppress the normal nocturnal increase in melatonin concentration in pineal gland and blood. In a separate set of three experiments conducted with nonhuman primates, we did not observe melatonin suppression as a result of 6 weeks of day-time(More)
Using a set of six baboons (Papio cynocephalus), we conducted a series of seven experiments designed to evaluate the potentially aversive character of a 60 Hz electric field (EF). Initially, the subjects were trained, using food rewards as the reinforcer, to respond only when a cue light was illuminated. Next, an EF was presented along with the cue light;(More)
The functional activity and antigenic expression of the fifth component of complement (C5) in concentrated bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) and serum samples obtained from 13 nonsmoking and 13 smoking baboons was quantified by specific hemolytic titration and radioimmunoassays. The number of C5H505 units per milligram of albumin in BALF obtained from(More)