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The flow cytometry data file standard provides the specifications needed to completely describe flow cytometry data sets within the confines of the file containing the experimental data. In 1984, the first Flow Cytometry Standard format for data files was adopted as FCS 1.0. This standard was modified in 1990 as FCS 2.0 and again in 1997 as FCS 3.0. We(More)
Over the last 30 years glucose intolerance has been reported in a significant percentage of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Currently, a controversy exists in determining whether the carbohydrate abnormality is disease-specific or secondary to decreased glucose utilization due to muscle atrophy. A reduction in glucose receptor space had(More)
The ability of flow cytometry to allow fast single cell interrogation of a large number of cells has made this technology ubiquitous and indispensable in the clinical and laboratory setting. A current limit to the potential of this technology is the lack of automated tools for analyzing the resulting data. We describe methodology and software to(More)
Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) is a rate-limiting enzyme in the mammalian NAD+ biosynthesis of a salvage pathway and exists in 2 known forms, intracellular Nampt (iNampt) and a secreted form, extracellular Nampt (eNampt). eNampt can generate an intermediate product, nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), which has been reported to support(More)
The adenylate cyclase activity in both hypophysectomized (hypox) and normal rat liver plasma membrane (RLM) has been characterized and compared in an attempt to decipher the molecular differences of the adenylate cyclase in these two membrane systems. Basal and glucagon- and fluoride-stimulated adenylate cyclase activities were severalfold greater in hypox(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Type 1 diabetes results from T cell mediated destruction of beta cells. We conducted a trial of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in new-onset type 1 diabetes (the Study of Thymoglobulin to ARrest T1D [START] trial). Our goal was to evaluate the longer-term safety and efficacy of ATG in preserving islet function at 2 years. METHODS A(More)
Changes in the frequencies of cell subsets that (co)express characteristic biomarkers, or levels of the biomarkers on the subsets, are widely used as indices of drug response, disease prognosis, stem cell reconstitution, etc. However, although the currently available computational "gating" tools accurately reveal subset frequencies and marker expression(More)