Wayne M. Sullender

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Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is a major cause of serious lower respiratory tract illness in infants, young children, and the elderly. To characterize the circulation patterns of HRSV strains, nucleotide sequencing of the C-terminal region of the G protein gene was performed on 34-53 isolates obtained from 5 communities during 1 epidemic year,(More)
Two antigenic sites recognized by neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against the fusion (F) glycoprotein of human respiratory syncytial virus were mapped on the primary structure of the protein by (i) the identification of amino acid substitutions selected in antibody-escape mutants and (ii) the reactivity of synthetic peptides with MAbs.(More)
Acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRI) are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in young children worldwide. Information on viral etiology in ALRI from India is limited. The aim of the present study was to develop a simple, sensitive, specific and cost effective multiplex PCR (mPCR) assay without post PCR hybridization or nested PCR steps for(More)
BACKGROUND Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is a major killer of children in developing countries. Although the frequency of ARI is similar in both developed and developing countries, mortality due to ARI is 10-50 times higher in developing countries. Viruses are common causes of ARI among such children, yet the disease burden of these infections in rural(More)
BACKGROUND Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children <5 years of age in developing countries. Human metapneumovirus (hMPV), a newly described respiratory pathogen, has been identified as an important cause of ARI in young children. OBJECTIVES The objective was to describe the prevalence of hMPV in(More)
Respiratory syncytial (RS) virus causes repeated infections throughout life. Between the two main antigenic subgroups of RS virus, there is antigenic variation in the attachment protein G. The antigenic differences between the subgroups appear to play a role in allowing repeated infections to occur. Antigenic differences also occur within subgroups;(More)
Respiratory syncytial (RS) viruses isolated over three epidemic periods in a children's hospital in the United States were analyzed. The viruses (n = 174) were characterized as to major antigenic group (group A or B) by a PCR-based assay. Group A RS viruses were dominant the first 2 years, followed by a year with group B dominance (ratios of group A to(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most commonly identified viral agent of acute respiratory tract infection (ARI) of young children and causes repeat infections throughout life. Limited data are available on the molecular epidemiology of RSV from developing countries, including India. This study reports on the genetic variability in the glycoprotein(More)
BALB/c mice sensitized to vaccinia virus expressed G protein of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) develop a Th2-type cytokine response and pulmonary eosinophilia when challenged with live RSV. In this study, BALB/c mice were immunized or challenged with an RSV mutant lacking the G and SH proteins or with DNA vaccines coding for RSV G or F protein. F or G(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of viral lower respiratory tract infections among infants and young children in both developing and developed countries. There are two major antigenic groups of RSV, A and B, and additional antigenic variability occurs within the groups. The most extensive antigenic and genetic diversity is found in the(More)