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BACKGROUND Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is a major killer of children in developing countries. Although the frequency of ARI is similar in both developed and developing countries, mortality due to ARI is 10-50 times higher in developing countries. Viruses are common causes of ARI among such children, yet the disease burden of these infections in rural(More)
Fifty-nine neonates with herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection were evaluated with use of assays for neutralizing antibody (NAb), lymphocyte transformation (LT), alpha interferon production, and virus-specific antibody (immunoblots). Infants with disseminated disease or onset in the first week of life were more likely to lack NAb. Patients treated with(More)
Maternal immunization might protect infants from severe disease due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Guinea pigs are susceptible to infections with RSV and transfer antibodies to their offspring prenatally. Pregnant guinea pigs were immunized by infection with RSV and their offspring were challenged intranasally with RSV. Pulmonary viral replication(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of viral lower respiratory tract infections among infants and young children in both developing and developed countries. There are two major antigenic groups of RSV, A and B, and additional antigenic variability occurs within the groups. The most extensive antigenic and genetic diversity is found in the(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most commonly identified viral agent of acute respiratory tract infection (ARI) of young children and causes repeat infections throughout life. Limited data are available on the molecular epidemiology of RSV from developing countries, including India. This study reports on the genetic variability in the glycoprotein(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of lower respiratory tract disease in infants and children worldwide. Intranasal infection of BALB/c mice with RSV strain A2, but not ultraviolet-inactivated RSV, for 2 or 4 days reduced basal alveolar fluid clearance (AFC), a seminal function of bronchoalveolar epithelium, and caused loss of AFC(More)
BACKGROUND Acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRI) are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in young children worldwide. Information on viral etiology in ALRI from India is limited. The aim of the present study was to develop a simple, sensitive, specific and cost effective multiplex PCR (mPCR) assay without post PCR hybridization or nested(More)
BACKGROUND Palivizumab (PZ) is the only monoclonal antibody in use against a human infectious disease. PZ is given as prophylaxis against infection with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). An RSV escape mutant, MP4, has been shown to resist PZ prophylaxis in cotton rats. METHODS To further define the potential of RSV to resist prophylaxis, additional(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of bronchiolitis in infants and children worldwide. We wished to determine whether intratracheal administration of beta-agonists improved alveolar fluid clearance (AFC) across the distal respiratory epithelium of RSV-infected mice. Following intranasal infection with RSV strain A2, AFC was measured(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Most studies on the clinical presentation with influenza viruses have been conducted in outpatient or inpatient medical facilities with only a few studies in community settings. Clinical differences between influenza A (H1N1) pdm 09 and influenza B virus infections have importance for community-based public health surveillance. An(More)