Wayne L. Charlton

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Peroxisomes are the cellular location of many antioxidants and are themselves significant producers of reactive oxygen species. In this report we demonstrate the induction of peroxisome biogenesis genes in both plant and animal cells by the universal stress signal molecule hydrogen peroxide. Using PEX1-LUC transgenic plants, rapid local and systemic(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful tool for the analysis of gene function in model organisms such as the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Recent demonstrations of RNAi in plant parasitic nematodes provide a stimulus to explore the potential of using RNAi to investigate disruption of gene function in Meloidogyne incognita, one of the most important(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) has recently been demonstrated in plant parasitic nematodes. It is a potentially powerful investigative tool for the genome-wide identification of gene function that should help improve our understanding of plant parasitic nematodes. RNAi should help identify gene and, hence, protein targets for nematode control strategies. Prospects(More)
Ectopically expressed double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs) have recently been shown to suppress parasitic success of Meloidogyne spp. in plants. We have targeted two genes from the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita; a dual oxidase gene implicated in the tyrosine cross-linking of the developing cuticle and a subunit of signal peptidase, a protein complex(More)
Fertilisation in maize (Zea mays), in common with most angiosperms, involves two fusion events: one of the two sperm nuclei unites with the egg cell nucleus, while the other sperm nucleus fuses with the two central cell nuclei giving rise to the triploid endosperm. Since deviation from this nuclear ratio (2:1 maternal/paternal) in the endosperm can result(More)
The expression of three genes that encode proteins involved in peroxisome biogenesis, β-oxidation and the glyoxylate cycle was studied in Arabidopsis plants by fusing their promoter regions to the reporter gene luciferase. Malate synthase showed an extremely restricted pattern of expression, being detected only in young seedlings and the root tips of older(More)
SUMMARY RNA interference (RNAi), first described for Caenorhabditis elegans, has emerged as a powerful gene silencing tool for investigating gene function in a range of organisms. Recent studies have described its application to plant parasitic nematodes. Genes expressed in a range of cell types are silenced when preparasitic juvenile nematodes take up(More)
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) inhibits the germination of many seeds, including Arabidopsis, but the mechanism for this is not known. In cereals, ABA inhibits the expression of genes involved in storage reserve mobilization. We have found that in Arabidopsis ABA decreases transcription from the promoters of marker genes for beta-oxidation and the(More)
The PEX11 family of peroxisome membrane proteins have been shown to be involved in regulation of peroxisome size and number in plant, animals, and yeast cells. We and others have previously suggested that peroxisome proliferation as a result of abiotic stress may be important in plant stress responses, and recently it was reported that several rice PEX11(More)
Peroxisomes are eukaryotic organelles that perform diverse and variable functions. Although genetic studies in yeasts and mammals have identified approximately 20 genes (PEX genes) required for the biogenesis of this important organelle, biochemical studies of protein targeting and import have lagged behind and in many cases we have no idea of the function(More)