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The purpose of this study was to compare selected rabbit tendons and ligaments morphologically and biochemically. Five representative structures from each of six age- and sex-matched rabbits were compared. Biochemical analyses included total collagen, reducible collagen cross-links, quantitative collagen typing, DNA, and glycosaminoglycans. Histological and(More)
The viscoelastic properties of the canine medial collateral ligament (MCL) were investigated. Stress-strain relationships at different strain rates, long-term stress relaxation and cyclic stress-strain curves of the MCL were obtained experimentally using a bone-MCL-bone preparation. The experimental data were used in conjunction with the quasi-linear(More)
The effects of immobilization and remobilization on the biomechanical and morphological properties of the femur-medial collateral ligament-tibia complex and each of its components were investigated in the rabbit. Specimens that had been obtained after periods of unilateral immobilization of the knee and remobilization were evaluated for structural(More)
Exogenously administered growth factors such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) have been shown to affect connective tissue healing in vivo, but their intrinsic role in the healing response has not been established. In the present study, immunohistochemistry with(More)
Between December 1983 and August 1991, 55 consecutive patients (55 knees) who underwent articular cartilage transplantation to their damaged knees were enrolled in the study. Average followup was 75 months (range, 11-147 months). Eight-two percent were younger than 45 years of age. Patients were evaluated through an 18-point scale, with 6 points each(More)
To assess the degree of success of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) replacement using the patellar tendon (PT) autograft, 29 New Zealand white rabbits underwent ACL reconstruction using a medial one-third PT autograft. The femur-ligament-tibia complexes were evaluated at 0, 6, 30, and 52 weeks postoperatively for gross and histologic appearances and tensile(More)
This investigation presents a new approach in the measurement of the mechanical properties of the ligament substance from tensile testing of a bone-ligament-bone complex. Such basic information should be one of the necessary prerequisites in the evaluation of ligament repair as well as reconstruction by autogenous tissue grafts or artificial ligament(More)
Fifty-nine fresh osteochondral allografts were consecutively transplanted into the knees of fifty-eight patients. The preoperative diagnoses were chondromalacia or degenerative arthritis of the patella, osteochondritis dissecans, a traumatic defect or osteonecrosis of the femoral condyle, a painful healed depressed fracture or traumatic defect of the tibial(More)