Wayne G. Wamer

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We demonstrated that three different types of water-soluble fullerenes materials can intercept all of the major physiologically relevant ROS. C(60)(C(COOH)(2))(2), C(60)(OH)(22), and Gd@C(82)(OH)(22) can protect cells against H(2)O(2)-induced oxidative damage, stabilize the mitochondrial membrane potential and reduce intracellular ROS production with the(More)
Tattooing is a popular cosmetic practice involving more than 45 million US citizens. Since the toxicology of tattoo inks and pigments used to formulate tattoo inks has not been reported, we studied the immunological impact of tattooing and determined recovery time from this trauma. SKH-1 hairless mice were tattooed using commercial tattoo inks or(More)
Many of the chemical and biological effects of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are attributed to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). ESR spectroscopy was used to provide direct evidence for generating ROS during decomposition of H(2)O(2) assisted by Ag NPs. Hydroxyl radical formation was observed under acidic conditions and was accompanied by(More)
The semiconductor TiO2 is known to have photobiological activity in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Applications of this photobiological activity have been suggested including sterilization of waste water and phototherapy of malignant cells. Here, several model and cellular systems were used to study the mechanism of photocatalysis by TiO2. Treatment of(More)
Many of the biological applications and effects of nanomaterials are attributed to their ability to facilitate the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy is a direct and reliable method to identify and quantify free radicals in both chemical and biological environments. In this review, we discuss the use of(More)
Semiconductor nanostructures with photocatalytic activity have the potential for many applications including remediation of environmental pollutants and use in antibacterial products. An effective way for promoting photocatalytic activity is depositing noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) on a semiconductor. In this paper, we demonstrated the successful(More)
The anticarcinogenic effects of beta-carotene (BC) have been extensively investigated, but only in vitro assays have examined the ability of BC to modulate gene mutation. In view of the current interest in the provitamin as a cancer chemopreventive agent, and the association between mutagenesis and carcinogenesis, we have dosed Fischer 344 rats with model(More)
Although ultraviolet A radiation (UVA, 315-400 nm) has been shown to induce oxidative stress in mammalian cells and skin, the critical chromophore(s) and molecular target(s) involved have not been identified. We examined the role of oxidative damage to nucleic acids induced by UVA. To assess photooxidation of cellular DNA and RNA by UVA, we irradiated human(More)
Analytical methods are needed to determine the presence of color additives in fish. We report a liquid chromatographic (LC) method developed to identify the synthetic form of the color additive astaxanthin in salmon, based on differences in the relative ratios of the configurational isomers of astaxanthin. The distributions of configurational isomers of(More)
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are broadly used for various biomedical applications such as drug delivery, in vivo imaging, and cancer photothermal therapy due to their unique physiochemical properties. However, once they enter the cells, the effects of SWCNTs on the intracellular organelles and macromolecules are not comprehensively understood.(More)