Wayne D. Frasch

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We report the construction of a novel biosensing nanodevice to detect single, sequence-specific target DNA molecules. Nanodevice assembly occurs through the association of an immobilized F1-ATPase molecular motor and a functionalized gold nanorod via a single 3',5'-dibiotinylated DNA molecule. Target-dependent 3',5'-dibiotinylated DNA bridges form by(More)
A novel method for detecting F(1)-ATPase rotation in a manner sufficiently sensitive to achieve acquisition rates with a time resolution of 2.5 micros (equivalent to 400,000 fps) is reported. This is sufficient for resolving the rate at which the gamma-subunit travels from one dwell state to another (transition time). Rotation is detected via a gold nanorod(More)
Glucose binding to the luminal cell membrane was studied in the isolated brush border of rat renal cortex by means of inhibition of phlorizin binding to a specific receptor site. This effect was reversible and stereospecific and fulfilled the criteria of fully competitive inhibition. Thus, the kinetic parameters ofd-glucose binding to the same receptor(More)
Illumination of PSII core preparations can cause the production of H2O2 at rates which approach 60 mumol of H2O2 (mg of Chl.h)-1. The rate of peroxide production is maximal at pH 7.2 at low sucrose concentrations and at concentrations of Cl- (1.5-3.0 mM) that limit the rate of the oxidation of water to O2. The rate of H2O2 production increased with pH from(More)
Photosystem II reaction centers evolve O2 in the dark when H2O2 is added as a substrate. Although some of this activity can be attributed to catalase, as much as 75% of the activity was not affected by the addition of 1 mM KCN. Several lines of evidence demonstrate that this KCN-insensitive O2 evolution from H2O2 in the dark is catalyzed by the cycling of S(More)
F1-ATPase, the catalytic complex of the ATP synthase, is a molecular motor that can consume ATP to drive rotation of the γ-subunit inside the ring of three αβ-subunit heterodimers in 120° power strokes. To elucidate the mechanism of ATPase-powered rotation, we determined the angular velocity as a function of rotational position from single-molecule data(More)
The Mg(2+) cofactor of the F(1)F(0) ATP synthase is required for the asymmetry of the catalytic sites that leads to the differences in affinity for nucleotides. Vanadyl (V(IV)=O)(2+) is a functional surrogate for Mg(2+) in the F(1)-ATPase. The (51)V-hyperfine parameters derived from EPR spectra of VO(2+) bound to specific sites on the enzyme provide a(More)
Vanadyl, (V = O)2+, is able to substitute for Mg2+ as a cofactor for ATPase activity catalyzed by the chloroplast F1-ATPase (CF1). Mg2+-dependent ATPase activity was also observed with CF1 that contained VO(2+)-ATP bound specifically to the noncatalytic N2 site. Modulation of the Mg(2+)-ATPase activity induced by VO2+ bound at this site indicates that the(More)
We have identified the most probable protein ligands at the catalytic M3 and noncatalytic M2 metal-binding sites in the spinach chloroplast F1-ATPase (CF1) and here propose possible residues in the protein sequence for these ligands in latent CF1 in the absence of nucleotide. The changes in the metal ligands at these sites upon binding of nucleotide to the(More)
Brief saturating light flashes were used to probe the mechanism of inactivation of O(2) evolution by Tris in chloroplasts. Maximum inactivation with a single flash and an oscillation with period of four on subsequent flashes was observed. Analyses of the oscillations suggested that only the charge-collecting O(2)-evolving catalyst of photosystem II(More)