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Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a cancer vaccines' target. Several features of recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) are attractive for vaccine applications. Combining other viral vector vaccines with Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists enhances antitumor immunity. Wild-type and CEA transgenic (Tg) mice were immunized with rAAV-expressing CEA, the TLR9(More)
Blood biomarkers are needed to monitor anti-angiogenic treatments for cancer. The association of blood levels of microRNAs (miRs) implicated in angiogenesis with circulating endothelial cells (CEC) and with angiogenic proteins was examined in patients administered drugs with anti-angiogenic activity. Blood was collected from patients with uveal melanoma(More)
PURPOSE In contrast to many malignancies showing evidence that interleukin-1 (IL-1) promotes progression through effects on tumor vascularity and myeloid suppressor cell populations, in uveal melanoma there is evidence that IL-1 can inhibit progression. METHODS The effects of the IL-1 receptor antagonist IL-1ra against the aggressive/invasive MUM2B and(More)
Acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome (AIDS) of macaques, an animal model for human AIDS, was transmitted to previously healthy macaque monkeys by means of inoculation of either tissue or a cell-free filtrate of a macaque lymphoma. The recipients showed evidence of profound lymphocyte dysfunction or died with infections from such opportunistic agents as(More)
Restriction on cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL)-target cell-interactions are studied in the primate S. oedipus, a naturally occurring A + B----A bone marrow-chimeric species. We show that the T cell, B cell, and myelomonocytic progenitor cell populations are chimeric in this species. We selected animals for study that are populated by fully major(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are implicated in the control of metastasis in uveal melanoma, a process that has been ascribed to its cancer stem cell subpopulation. NK cell activation is regulated by specific microRNA (miR). The NK cell sensitivity and regulatory miR production of uveal melanoma cancer stem cells was examined. Cancer stem cells enriched from(More)
Epigenetic events mediated by methylation and histone modifications have been associated with the development of metastasis in patients with uveal melanoma. The role of epigenetic events mediated by microRNA (miR) is less clear. Tumor and plasma miR expression was examined in patients with primary uveal melanoma with tumor monosomy-3, a predictor of(More)
A pilot study was undertaken in patients with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection to examine the effects of infusing autologous lymph node lymphocytes that had been cultured ex vivo in conditions designed to maximize the specific secretion of HIV-1-suppressive factors, including beta chemokines. Ten patients with CD4 cell counts between(More)
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