Wayne A. Morrison

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This study was designed to clarify which vascular carrier, the arteriovenous shunt loop or the arteriovenous bundle, has more potential as a vascular carrier for an artificial skin flap in rats. An arteriovenous shunt loop was constructed between the femoral artery and vein using an interpositional artery (group I) or vein (group II) graft. For(More)
The authors previously described a model of tissue engineering in rats that involves the insertion of a vascular pedicle and matrix material into a semirigid closed chamber, which is buried subcutaneously. The purpose of this study was to develop a comparable model in mice, which could enable genetic mutants to be used to more extensively study the(More)
The cytokine leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) favors the survival and growth of axons in vitro and in vivo. Fibronectin has been shown to enhance nerve regeneration when added in combination with various growth factors including LIF. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of LIF plus fibronectin on the regeneration of transected nerve and(More)
A major obstacle to 3-dimensional tissue engineering is incorporation of a functional vascular supply to support the expanding new tissue. This is overcome in an in vivo intrinsic vascularization model where an arteriovenous loop (AVL) is placed in a noncollapsible space protected by a polycarbonate chamber. Vascular development and hypoxia were examined(More)
The functional results in 25 of 30 patients after successful upper limb revascularization or replantation were evaluated by subjective-patient surveying and objective measurements. Young patients with complete, sharply amputated extremities at the wrist level or those with incomplete injuries and uninjured peripheral nerves had the best functional results.(More)
Schwann cells play a major role in promoting nerve survival and regeneration after injury. Their activities include providing neurotrophic factors and increasing the production of extracellular matrix components and cell surface adhesion molecules to promote axon regeneration. Following nerve transection, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is up-regulated by(More)
Adipose tissue forms when basement membrane extract (Matrigel) and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) are added to our mouse tissue engineering chamber model. A mouse tumor extract, Matrigel is unsuitable for human clinical application, and finding an alternative to Matrigel is essential. In this study we generated adipose tissue in the chamber model(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac tissue engineering offers the prospect of a novel treatment for acquired or congenital heart defects. We have created vascularized pieces of beating cardiac muscle in the rat that are as thick as the adult rat right ventricle wall. METHOD AND RESULTS Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes in Matrigel were implanted with an arteriovenous blood(More)
A novel method of spontaneous generation of new adipose tissue from an existing fat flap is described. A defined volume of fat flap based on the superficial inferior epigastric vascular pedicle in the rat was elevated and inset into a hollow plastic chamber implanted subcutaneously in the groin of the rat. The chamber walls were either perforated or solid(More)
Macrophage tropic HIV-1 is predominant during the initial viremia after person to person transmission of HIV-1 (Zhu, T., H. Mo, N. Wang, D.S. Nam, Y. Cao, R.A. Koup, and D.D. Ho. 1993. Science. 261:1179-1181.), and this selection may occur during virus entry and carriage to the lymphoid tissue. Human skin explants were used to model HIV-1 selection that may(More)