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We have generated a hybridoma cell line secreting a monoclonal antibody that specifically binds to the surfaces of oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells, the cells involved in myelin formation in the central and peripheral nervous systems, respectively. Binding studies using purified sphingolipids showed that this antibody reacts strongly with(More)
Rat hippocampal slices were incubated with neuraminidase from Vibrio Cholerae. This enzyme liberates sialic acid from polysialogangliosides converting them into monosialoganglioside GM1. Thus, the tissue is enriched in GM1 content. Another set of slices was incubated with GM1 itself. Both treatments increased the magnitude of potentiation of synaptic(More)
The enzymes 2':3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNPase) and RNase were simultaneously measured in the sera and CSF of multiple sclerosis (MS) and non-MS patients. No evidence of increased activity for these enzymes could be found regardless of pathology in either fluid source. Discrepancies between the present results and those from two previous(More)
For many permanent cell lines the transition from a growing (P) to a resting (R) state is reversibly controlled by growth factors present in serum. This P-to-R transition was studied in a neuronal cell line (B104) with respect to the action of serum, dibutyryl cyclic AMP (DBcAMP), gangliosides, and a glioma cell-produced growth factor GGF. In this cell(More)
A nearly pure neuronal culture from embryonic rat brain (hippocampus) has been established in order to observe individual neurons during their in vitro development. This neuronal culture has been used as a test system for a neurotrophic factor (NTF) which is released into a serum-free defined medium, presumably by astrocytes, the dominant cell type in a(More)
The dependence of 3[H]-L-glutamate uptake on the presence of sodium, chloride, or calcium ions or on a combination of the three was investigated in astrocyte primary cultures. A stimulating effect on glutamate uptake by each of the ions tested was found. In addition to the comparably small effect by calcium alone, calcium exhibits a synergistic effect on(More)
A serum-free culture of dissociated neurons from embryonic rat hippocampus has been established as a rapid and quantitative in vitro test system for neurotrophic signals in the mammalian brain. By means of this cell culture bioassay, a novel low molecular weight neurotrophic factor (NTF) could be identified. NTF is essential for in vitro brain neuron(More)
Induction of the jun-B and/or c-jun transcription factors is part of the immediate early response to diverse stimuli that induce alterations in cellular programs. While c-jun is a protooncogene whose expression is required for induction of cell proliferation, jun-B has recently been found to be induced by stimuli inducing differentiation in various cell(More)