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Black tiger shrimps (Penaeus monodon) are able to survive and can be reared under various salinities, possibly by the cellular adaptation of their excretory system, particularly the antennal gland, which is known to regulate body fluid in crustaceans. We have investigated the morphological and biochemical alterations of the antennal glands in shrimp reared(More)
We present a detailed histological description of the central nervous system (CNS: brain, subesophageal ganglion, thoracic ganglia, abdominal ganglia) of the blue crab, Portunus pelagicus. Because the presence of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in crustaceans has been disputed, we examine the presence and localization of a GnRH-like peptide in the CNS(More)
Sulpholipid immobilizing protein 1 (SLIP1) is an evolutionarily conserved 68 kDa plasma membrane protein, present selectively in germ cells. We have previously shown that mouse sperm SLIP1 is involved in sperm-zona pellucida (ZP) binding. In this report, we extended our study to the human system. Immunoblotting demonstrated that anti-SLIP1-reactive proteins(More)
STUDY QUESTION Does antimicrobial peptide, LL-37, inhibit sperm fertilizing ability? SUMMARY ANSWER Our results indicate that LL-37 inhibits mouse and human sperm fertilizing ability. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY LL-37, a cationic antimicrobial peptide, exerts its microbicidal effects through the disruption of microbial cytoplasmic membranes following its(More)
Cellular uptake of clustered α2β1-integrin induces the formation of membrane compartments that subsequently mature into a multivesicular body (MVB). Enhanced internalization mediated by clustered integrins was observed upon infection by the picornavirus echovirus 1 (EVI). We elucidated the structural features of virus-induced MVBs (vMVBs) in comparison to(More)
Homeostasis of circulating cortisol is maintained by the 11β-HSD2 enzyme which inactivates cortisol into cortisone. It is abundantly expressed in the placenta where it protects the fetus from high levels of maternal glucocorticoids (GCs). Maternal administration of Carbenoxolone (Cbx), a powerful 11β-HSD2 inhibitor, leads to an increase in fetal cortisol.(More)
Our previous studies have demonstrated that lamprey gonadotropin-releasing hormone-III (lGnRH-III)-like peptide occurs in the central nervous system (CNS) of decapod crustaceans (Macrobrachium rosenbergii, Penaeus monodon, Portunus pelagicus), and that lGnRH-III is the most potent in stimulating ovarian maturation compared with other GnRH isoforms. In this(More)
We report the presence of trypsin-like enzymes preferring Boc-QAR-MCA substrate in sperm collected from different portions of male reproductive tracts of the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii and compare enzyme activities before and after an A23187 calcium ionophore treatment. Fluorogenic enzyme assays revealed that testicular sperm lysates(More)
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