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Using Penaeus monodon as the model, we demonstrated the molecular changes and the mechanism of thelycal-dependent sperm modification resulting in an enhanced acrosome reaction (AR) response. Attention was paid to the modification of the sperm plasma membrane which was mediated through an adsorption or removal of sperm peripheral and integral membrane(More)
Trypsin-like enzymes in egg water (EW), a natural acrosome reaction (AR) inducer, are known for their importance in shrimp AR. In this report, we describe a unique phenomenon of the AR of black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) sperm. It was completed within 45-60 sec and comprised only the acrosomal exocytosis and depolymerization of the sperm head anterior(More)
We have previously described the affinity of a pig sperm surface protein, P68, to mammalian zonae pellucidae (ZP). In this report, we identified P68 as arylsulfatase A (AS-A) based on the presence of P68 tryptic peptide sequences in the pig testis AS-A cDNA sequence. Our objective was to demonstrate the presence of AS-A on the sperm surface and to elucidate(More)
We have previously described the zonae pellucidae (ZP) binding ability of a pig sperm surface protein, P68. Our recent results on peptide sequencing of 3 P68 tryptic peptides and molecular cloning of pig testis arylsulfatase A (AS-A) revealed the identity of P68 as AS-A. In this report, we demonstrate the presence of AS-A on the mouse sperm surface and its(More)
Arylsulfatase A (AS-A) is localized to the sperm surface and participates in sperm-zona pellucida binding. We investigated how AS-A, usually known as an acrosomal enzyme, trafficked to the sperm surface. Immunocytochemistry of the mouse testis confirmed the existence of AS-A in the acrosomal region of round and elongating spermatids. However,(More)
Black tiger shrimps (Penaeus monodon) are able to survive and can be reared under various salinities, possibly by the cellular adaptation of their excretory system, particularly the antennal gland, which is known to regulate body fluid in crustaceans. We have investigated the morphological and biochemical alterations of the antennal glands in shrimp reared(More)
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a prevalent occupational and environmental contaminant that has been reported to cause a variety of toxic effects. Here, we have undertaken studies to test the hypothesis that TCE exposure adversely affects sperm function and fertilization. Sperm retrieved from mice exposed to TCE (1000 ppm) by inhalation for 1 to 6 weeks were(More)
Sperm gain full ability to bind to the zona(e) pellucida(e) (ZP) during capacitation. Since lipid rafts are implicated in cell adhesion, we determined whether capacitated sperm lipid rafts had affinity for the ZP. We demonstrated that lipid rafts, isolated as low-density detergent resistant membranes (DRMs), from capacitated pig sperm had ability to bind to(More)
Sulfogalactosylglycerolipid (SGG) is the major sulfoglycolipid of mammalian male germ cells. Like other sulfoglycolipids, SGG is believed to be involved in cell-cell/extracellular matrix adhesion. Specifically, we investigated whether sperm SGG played a role in sperm-egg interaction. Initially, we produced an affinity-purified, rabbit polyclonal(More)
The gene for proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin-like 4 (PCSK4, previously known as PC4) is primarily transcribed in testicular spermatogenic cells. Its inactivation in mouse causes severe male subfertility. To better understand the reproductive function of PCSK4, we examined its subcellular localization in the testicular epithelium via(More)