Wataru Uchida

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The biochemical and pharmacological profile of YM087, 4'-[(2-methyl-1,4,5,6-tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-d][1]benzazepin- 6-yl)-carbonyl]-2-phenylbenzanilide monohydrochloride, a newly synthesized nonpeptide vasopressin (AVP) antagonist, was investigated in several in vitro and in vivo studies. YM087 showed high affinity for V1A receptors from rat liver and V2(More)
The effects of YM087 (4’-[(2-methyl-1,4,5,6-tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-d][1]benzazepin-6-yl)-carbonyl]-2-phenylbenzanilide monohydrochloride), a novel nonpeptide vasopressin (AVP) receptor antagonist, on [3H]AVP binding to human AVP receptors (V1A, V1B and V2) cloned and transiently expressed in COS-1 cells generated from monkey renal tissue were studied.(More)
[(3)H]-oxytocin was used to characterize the oxytocin receptor found in human uterine smooth muscle cells (USMC). Specific binding of [(3)H]-oxytocin to USMC plasma membranes was dependent upon time, temperature and membrane protein concentration. Scatchard plot analysis of equilibrium binding data revealed the existence of a single class of high-affinity(More)
The systemic hemodynamic and renal responses to conivaptan hydrochloride (YM087; 4'-(2-methyl-1,4,5,6-tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-d][1]benzoazepine -6-carbonyl)-2-phenylbenzanilide monohydrochloride), a vasopressin V1A and V2 receptor antagonist, were determined in pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs after 2 to 3 weeks of rapid right ventricular pacing. Congestive(More)
The amplitude of reduction in heart rate induced by vagal stimulation is greater when the background level of sympathetic tone is increased (accentuated antagonism). Both pre- and postsynaptic muscarinic mechanisms have been proposed to account for this phenomenon. We attempted to clarify the relative importance of each mechanism by comparing the magnitude(More)
The potassium channel-opening and vasorelaxant profiles of YM099, a newly synthesized benzoxadiazol derivative K channel opener, were evaluated in vitro. In the rat isolated portal vein, YM099 and a benzopyran derivative K channel opener levcromakalim concentration-dependently inhibited the frequency of spontaneous rhythmic contractions, with IC50 values of(More)
The effects of prazosin and yohimbine on sympathetic neurotransmission to the heart were investigated in perfused dog hearts in situ in an attempt to determine whether alpha 1-adrenoceptors are located presynaptically in the cardiac sympathetic nerves. Intra-arterial injections of prazosin (1-30 micrograms) and yohimbine (0.3-10 micrograms) into the right(More)
The role of extracellular Ca2+ in the toniccontractile response to muscarinic receptor stimulation was investigated in isolated detrusor smooth muscle from the pig urinary bladder. Carbachol (10−8 −10−5 M) produced a concentration-dependent contractile response in isolated pig detrusor smooth muscle strips consisting of an initial phasic component followed(More)
The pharmacological profile of YM087 (4'-[(2-methyl-1,4,5,6-tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-d][1]benzazepin -6-yl) carbonyl]-2-phenylbenzanilide monohydrochloride) was investigated in dogs. YM087 showed high affinity for vasopressin V1A and V2 receptors in radioligand receptor binding studies with dog platelets (V1A) and kidney (V2). Intravenously injected YM087(More)
1. Effects of the individual optical isomers of YM-12617 (R, S 5-[2-[[2-(o-ethoxyphenoxy)ethyl]-amino]propyl]-2- methoxybenzenesulphonamide HCl, (+/-)-YM), a potent selective alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist, on the increase in intraurethral pressure (IUP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) induced by phenylephrine were evaluated in(More)