Wataru Tokuyama

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In primates, visual long-term memory of objects is presumably stored in the inferior temporal (IT) cortex. Because brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is involved in activity-dependent neural reorganization, we tested the hypothesis that BDNF would be upregulated in IT cortex during formation of visual pair-association memory. To eliminate genetic and(More)
Background:Recently, preoperative chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for rectal cancer has been increasingly used as a neoadjuvant treatment. In the present study, the relation between histological response to CRT and immunohistochemical markers in biopsy specimens was investigated.Methods:Biopsy specimens from a total of 60 patients were collected before(More)
Angiosarcoma of the skin is an extremely rare malignant tumor of vascular origin that usually arises in the scalp and face of elderly persons. To clarify its characteristic features and cell cycle kinetics, we quantitatively evaluated the expression of cell cycle-related molecules and vascular endothelial growth factors using immunohistochemical staining,(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor, TrkB, regulate synaptic functions in the hippocampus of the adult rodent. In previous studies, in situ hybridization methods have been used to evaluate regional differences in BDNF and trkB mRNA expression levels in hippocampal subregions. However, these studies have failed to reach consensus(More)
Midkine (MK) is a heparin-binding growth factor encoded by a retinoic acid responsive gene. To investigate the possible contribution of MK to genesis of colorectal carcinomas, an immunohistochemical examination of protein expression was conducted in sporadic and ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated tumors. MK expression significantly differed among normal(More)
OBJECTIVE Early colorectal carcinomas (submucosal invasive adenocarcinomas) can be classified into polypoid and non-polypoid growth types, the latter progressing more rapidly to advanced malignancy. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences between invasive features of the two types of carcinoma by focusing on tumor budding (isolated single(More)
Vestibular compensation, the neuronal process underlying behavioral recovery from vestibular dysfunction produced by unilateral labyrinthectomy, is attributed to functional reorganization of neuronal circuits in the brainstem and cerebellum. Climbing fibers originating from the inferior olive are suggested to play a crucial role in this compensatory(More)
We examined the expression of the inducible transcription factors Zif268 and c-Fos in the inferior olive during the behavioural recovery following unilateral labyrinthectomy known as vestibular compensation. These transcription factors were differentially induced in the two subnuclei of the inferior olive. In the beta nucleus, c-Fos induction was restricted(More)
Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the scalp can rapidly develop into pulmonary metastasis. The pulmonary metastatic lesions display a unique appearance, so-called thin-walled cysts, which cause a fatal relapsed pneumothorax by rupturing. We analyzed 23 autopsy cases of angiosarcoma with pulmonary metastasis to elucidate the mechanism of the thin-walled cyst(More)
Synovial sarcomas are the fourth most common malignant soft-tissue tumors, and typically develop in para-articular locations of the extremities. Other less common sites include the head and neck, abdominal wall, intra-abdominal cavity, and mediastinum. However, the occurrence of these tumors in the chest wall is rare. In this article, we report the(More)