Wataru Ochiai

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Aquaporin (AQP) 3 plays an important role in regulating faecal water content in the colon. We investigated the role of AQP3 in the colon in the laxative effect of magnesium sulphate (MgSO(4)), a widely used osmotic laxative. Rats were administered MgSO(4), after which faecal water content, the colon mRNA expression levels of sodium myo-inositol transporter(More)
AIMS We have suggested that an osmotic laxative, magnesium sulphate (MgSO(4)), may act as a cathartic in a very rational manner by increasing the aquaporin 3 (AQP3) expression level and by changing osmotic pressure in the colon. In this study, we examined the mechanism by which MgSO(4) increases the intestinal AQP3 expression level by using the human colon(More)
To investigate the pharmacokinetic characteristics in TSOD (Tsumura, Suzuki, obese, diabetes) mice, a model of type 2 diabetes and obesity, the expressions of major hepatic CYP enzymes in TSOD and TSNO (Tsumura, Suzuki, non-obesity; control) mice were compared. The 7-month-old TSOD mice, which represented severe obesity/diabetes-related pathophysiology,(More)
Acacia polyphenol (AP) extracted from the bark of the black wattle tree (Acacia meansii) is rich in unique catechin-like flavan-3-ols, such as robinetinidol and fisetinidol. The present study investigated the anti-obesity/anti-diabetic effects of AP using obese diabetic KKAy mice. KKAy mice received either normal diet, high-fat diet or high-fat diet with(More)
Enhanced expression of renal aquaporin-2 (AQP2) has been reported when polyuria occurs in diabetic animal models. The purpose of this study was to clarify the possibility that increased AQP2 expression in the kidneys play a role as a compensatory mechanism to alleviate diabetic dehydration. Lithium carbonate (Li₂CO₃), which decreases the renal expression of(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE We have previously reported that Byakkokaninjinto improves cutaneous pruritus by increasing the expression level of aquaporin-3 (AQP3). In this study, we examined the effect of Gypsum fibrosum (main component: CaSO(4)), which is the main component of Byakkokaninjinto, on the cutaneous AQP3 expression level. MATERIALS AND(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of aquaporin3 (AQP3) in the colon in the laxative effect of bisacodyl. After oral administration of bisacodyl to rats, AQP3, macrophages, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) were examined in the colon. The mechanism by which bisacodyl decreases the expression of AQP3 was examined(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) patients may have increased concentrations of drugs in their blood. We hypothesized that this response is mainly due to a decrease in the expression and activity of the drug-metabolizing enzyme, cytochrome P450 (CYP), in the liver. In this study, we have tried to demonstrate the hypothesis. UC was induced in mice by treatment with(More)
AIMS Polyuria is a symptom that appears in association with diabetes mellitus. Because sustained polyuria causes serious dehydration, it is believed that the body has a compensating mechanism to alleviate dehydration. In the present study, the role of renal aquaporin 2 (AQP2) in the compensating mechanism was investigated in KKAy mice, a type 2 diabetes(More)
Patients with severe constipation are treated with combinations of several different laxatives. The purpose of this study is to examine whether the concomitant use of different laxatives enhances the laxative effect, using an osmotic laxative, magnesium sulphate (MgSO₄), and a stimulant laxative, bisacodyl. The faecal water content of rats, to which MgSO₄(More)