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Insulin resistance is a major cause of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Resistin, an adipocyte-secreted hormone, antagonizes insulin. Transgenic mice that overexpress the resistin gene (Retn) in adipose tissue are insulin-resistant, whereas Retn (-/-) mice show lower fasting blood glucose, suggesting that the altered Retn promoter function could cause(More)
The phenotypic modulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from the differentiated state to the dedifferentiated one is critically involved in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Although many cytokines and growth factors have been reported as atherogenic factors, the critical pathogens for inducing atherosclerosis remain unknown,(More)
OBJECTIVE Resistin, secreted from adipocytes, causes insulin resistance in rodents. We previously reported that the G/G genotype of a resistin gene promoter single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at -420 increases type 2 diabetes susceptibility by enhancing promoter activity. We report here on the relation between plasma resistin and either SNP -420 genotype(More)
Calponin is an actin binding protein found in the smooth muscle cells of chicken gizzard. The localization of the protein was examined in bovine platelets, mouse fibroblasts, and the smooth muscle cells of the bovine aorta. Immunoblotting of whole platelet lysates revealed that the antibody to chicken gizzard calponin recognized two proteins with apparent(More)
Isoform diversity of tropomyosin is generated from the limited genes by a combination of differential transcription and alternative splicing. In the case of the alpha-tropomyosin (alpha-TM) gene, exon 2a rather than exon 2b is specifically spliced in alpha-TM-SM mRNA, which is one of the major tropomyosin isoforms in smooth muscle cells. Here we demonstrate(More)
OBJECTIVE Susceptibility of fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene polymorphisms to obesity has been reported in various populations. Polymorphisms in the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) gene were recently explored as another susceptible locus. However, prognostic significance of these genetic variations has not been fully elucidated. Here, we(More)
The expressional regulation of chicken alpha1 integrin in smooth muscle cells was studied. The alpha1 integrin mRNA was expressed developmentally and was distributed dominantly in vascular and visceral smooth muscles in chick embryos. In a primary culture of smooth muscle cells, alpha1 integrin expression was dramatically down-regulated during serum-induced(More)
The molecular mechanisms behind phenotypic modulation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) remain unclear. In our recent paper, we reported the establishment of novel culture system of gizzard SMCs (Hayashi, K., H. Saga, Y. Chimori, K. Kimura, Y. Yamanaka, and K. Sobue. 1998. J. Biol. Chem. 273: 28860-28867), in which insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) was the(More)
It was recently reported that GCKR rs780094 was associated with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and triglyceride (TG) levels in various ethnic populations (A allele for low FPG and high TG). An association between GCKR rs780094 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (A allele for low risk) has also been reported. We examined the association between GCKR rs780094(More)
Insulin resistance is a feature of type 2 diabetes. Resistin, secreted from adipocytes, causes insulin resistance in mice. We previously reported that the G/G genotype of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at -420 (rs1862513) in the human resistin gene (RETN) increased susceptibility to type 2 diabetes by enhancing its promoter activity. Plasma resistin(More)