Wataru Marubashi

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Hybrid seedlings from the cross Nicotiana tabacum × N. suaveolens express lethality at 28°C. We carried out a cross between monosomic lines of N. tabacum lacking the Q chromosome and N. suaveolens by test-tube pollination and ovule culture at 28°C. To suppress hybrid lethality, hybrid seedlings obtained were transferred to 36°C immediately after germination(More)
Two lines of suspension culture cells were obtained from a hybrid seedling of Nicotiana suaveolens Lehm. x N. tabacum L. cv. Hicks-2 expressing temperature-sensitive lethality. One of them (LH line) was inducible cell death in accordance with the lethality at 28 degrees C but not under high-temperature conditions (36 degrees C). Another one (SH line) lost(More)
Interspecific hybrid plants between Nicotiana suaveolens and N. tabacum exhibit lethal symptoms at the seedling stage and cannot grow to maturity. In this investigation, an attempt was made to clarify the genomic factors responsible for this lethality. N. suaveolens was crossed to N. sylvestris (genomic constitution: SS) and N. tomentosiformis (TT), these(More)
We isolated a homolog of the potential anti-apoptotic gene, defender against apoptotic death (DAD1) from gladiolus petals as full-length cDNA (GlDAD1), and investigated the relationship between its expression and the execution processes of programmed cell death (PCD) in senescing petals. RNA gel blotting showed that GlDAD1 expression in petals was(More)
Reproductive isolation mechanisms (RIMs) often become obstacles in crossbreeding. Hybrid lethality is a subtype of RIM but its physiological mechanism remains poorly elucidated. Interspecific hybrids of Nicotiana suaveolens Lehm. × N. tabacum L. cv. Hicks-2 expressed temperature-sensitive lethality. This lethality was induced by programmed cell death (PCD)(More)
We developed seven Q-chromosome-specific DNA markers in Nicotiana tabacum by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) analysis using two hybrid lines, and we were able to identify tobacco monosomic plants among F1 progeny derived from the cross N. tabacum Haplo-QxN. tabacum cv. Samsun NN using Q-chromosome-specific DNA(More)
Interspecific hybrids of Nicotiana glutinosa L. x N. repanda Willd. express temperature-sensitive lethality induced by apoptotic cell death. Hybrid seedlings cultured at 28 degrees C began to exhibit lethal symptoms during early growth stages, and then they showed a high level of endogenous auxin compared with those of parental seedlings. Meanwhile, the(More)
Hybrid weakness is a reproductive barrier that is found in many plant species. In rice, the hybrid weakness caused by two complementary genes, Hwc1 and Hwc2, has been surveyed intensively. However, their gene products and the molecular mechanism that causes hybrid weakness have remained unknown. We performed linkage analyses of Hwc1, narrowed down the area(More)
BACKGROUND A linkage map consisting of 24 linkage groups has been constructed using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers in Nicotiana tabacum. However, chromosomal assignments of all linkage groups have not yet been made. The Q chromosome in N. tabacum encodes a gene or genes triggering hybrid lethality, a phenomenon that causes death of hybrids derived(More)
Hybrid lethality is one of the mechanisms for reproductive isolation. Apoptotic features were detected in the cells of hybrid seedlings of Nicotiana glutinosa L. ×N. repanda Willd. Condensation of chromatin and fragmentation of nuclei were observed in the leaf protoplasts isolated from hybrid seedlings expressing this lethality. Fragmentation of nuclei was(More)