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Abuse of the powerfully addictive psychostimulant, methamphetamine, occurs worldwide. Recent studies have suggested that methamphetamine-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity is related to oxidative stress. In response to nerve activation, the mitochondrial respiratory chain is rapidly activated. The enhancement of mitochondrial respiratory chain activation(More)
Although oligomeric β-amyloid (Aβ) has been suggested to have an important role in Alzheimer disease (AD), the mechanism(s) of how Aβ induces neuronal cell death has not been fully identified. The balance of pro- and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins (e.g., Bcl-2 and Bcl-w versus Bad, Bim and Bax) has been known to have a role in neuronal cell death and,(More)
In Alzheimer disease (AD), amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomer is suggested to play a critical role in imitating neurodegeneration, although its pathogenic mechanism remains to be determined. Recently, the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) has been reported to be an essential co-factor in mediating the neurotoxic effect of Aβ oligomer. However, these previous studies(More)
Oxidative stress and amyloid-beta are considered major etiological and pathological factors in the initiation and promotion of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer disease (AD). Insomuch as causes of such oxidative stress, transition metals, such as iron and copper, which are found in high concentrations in the brains of AD patients and accumulate specifically in(More)
Neuronal cell cycle activation has been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, while the initiating mechanism of cell cycle activation remains to be determined. Interestingly, our previous studies have shown that cell cycle activation by c-Myc (Myc) leads to neuronal cell death which suggests Myc might be a key regulator of(More)
A series of novel purine-based fluoroaryl triazoles were synthesized using the Cu(I) catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions (click reactions), and assayed for their neuroprotective effects using fluorescence electron microscopy. Among these triazoles, o-fluorophenylmetyl-triazole, 7, has comparable neuroprotective effect as that of Flavopiridol (1)(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is one of the main mediators of inflammatory response activated by fatty acids in obesity, and this signaling through TNF-α receptor (TNFR) is responsible for obesity-associated insulin resistance. Recently, TNF-α has shown to affect lipid metabolism including the regulation of lipase activity and bile acid synthesis.(More)
Oxidative stress is believed to be an important mechanism underlying dopamine-induced neuronal damage. This study provides X-band electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopic evidence for reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation during dopamine metabolism. The authors induced excess dopamine metabolism in the mouse striatum by bathing it in(More)
Soluble oligomeric amyloid-β (Aβ) has been suggested to impair synaptic and neuronal function, leading to neurodegeneration that is clinically observed as the memory and cognitive dysfunction characteristic of Alzheimer disease, while the precise mechanism(s) whereby oligomeric Aβ causes neurotoxicity remains unknown. Recently, the cellular prion protein(More)
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