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The effects of sodium butyrate (SB) and trichostatin A (TSA) on cell proliferation andapoptosis against human glioma T98G, U251MG, and U877MG cells were investigated. Upon exposure to either SB or TSA, cell proliferation was reduced, and apoptosis detected by DNA fragmentation analysis and the cleavage of CPP32 was induced. Previously, we reported that SB(More)
The B-Raf proto-oncogene serine/threonine kinase (B-Raf) is a member of the Raf kinase family. The BRAF V600E mutation occurs frequently in certain brain tumors such as pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, ganglioglioma, and pilocytic astrocytoma, and less frequently in epithelioid and giant cell glioblastoma. BRAF V600E mutation in these cases has been(More)
We investigated the effects of FK228 on cell proliferation and apoptosis against human glioblastoma (GM) T98G, U251MG, and U87MG cells. Upon exposure to FK228, cell proliferation was inhibited, and apoptosis detected by the cleavage of CPP32 was induced. FK228 increased the expression levels of p21 (WAF-1) and of pro-apoptotic Bad protein in all GM cells.(More)
We investigated the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors such as sodium butyrate (SB) and trichostatin A (TSA) on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by human glioblastoma T98G, U251MG, and U87MG cells. The glioblastoma cells secreted three VEGF isoforms, VEGF (189), (165), and (121), although the expression levels of(More)
Propentofylline (PPF) has been reported to stimulate the synthesis/secretion of nerve growth factor (NGF) by cultured mouse astroglial cells. In the present study, we examined whether PPF stimulates NGF synthesis in human glioma cell lines, the same as in mouse astroglial cells, and if so, whether NGF has a biological effect on glioma cells. After(More)
An analysis of saliva swallowing and tonic electromyographic activity was undertaken in 15 healthy subjects with complete natural dentitions with and without a palatal base inserted. Recordings were performed by placing surface electrodes on the left anterior temporal and masseter muscles. In eight subjects tonic electromyographic patterns of activity(More)
Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is one of the most common symptoms of right hemisphere damage; its classical symptom is that patients fail to respond to information on their left side. It has been postulated that disturbance of 2 separate attentional networks relates to the occurrence of USN. However, little is known about the underlying mechanism and(More)
To image cerebral neural activity in ischemic areas, we proposed a novel technique to analyze spontaneous neuromagnetic fields based on standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography modified for a quantifiable method (sLORETA-qm). Using a 160-channel whole-head-type magnetoencephalographic system, cerebral magnetic fields were obtained pre-(More)
An analysis of integrated electromyographic (IEMG) activity of masseter and anterior temporal muscles was undertaken in fifteen patients with complete dentures and eight adult subjects with natural dentition. Bipolar surface electrodes were used for IEMG recordings during maximal voluntary clenching and saliva swallowing in the inter-cuspal position. The(More)
PATIENT AND METHODS Cerebral blood flow and neuromagnetic activity were measured using (123)I-iodoamphetamine-single photon emission computed tomography (IMP-SPECT) and magnetoencephalography (MEG), before and after extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery in a 55-year-old woman with unilateral middle cerebral artery occlusion that occurred with(More)