Wataru Gonoi

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Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) tend to make inadequate social judgments, particularly when the nonverbal and verbal emotional expressions of other people are incongruent. Although previous behavioral studies have suggested that ASD individuals have difficulty in using nonverbal cues when presented with incongruent verbal-nonverbal(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has provided important insights into the neurobiological basis for normal development and aging and various disease processes in the central nervous system. The aim of this article is to review the current protocols for DTI acquisition and preprocessing and statistical testing for a voxelwise analysis of DTI, focused on(More)
BACKGROUND It is a controversial issue whether pancreas divisum (PD) induces pancreatitis. All previous studies have investigated this issue based on endoscopic procedures, which inevitably involve a selection bias. OBJECTIVES To determine the unbiased prevalence rate of PD in a community population and to investigate the effect of PD on idiopathic(More)
Recent studies have suggested oxytocin's therapeutic effects on deficits in social communication and interaction in autism spectrum disorder through improvement of emotion recognition with direct emotional cues, such as facial expression and voice prosody. Although difficulty in understanding of others' social emotions and beliefs under conditions without(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the occurrence of intravascular gas in the liver, kidneys, spleen, and pancreas by postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) in cases of non-traumatic in-hospital deaths and elucidate the relationship between the PMCT data and clinical information or autopsy results. METHODS The study included 45 cadavers of patients who died while(More)
Changes in brain pathology as schizophrenia progresses have been repeatedly suggested by previous studies. Meta-analyses of previous proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) studies at each clinical stage of schizophrenia indicate that the abnormalities of N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and glutamatergic metabolites change progressively. However, to our(More)
The effects of aging on brain volume are generally investigated using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) or the manually traced region-of-interest (ROI) method. We introduce an atlas-based method as a methodological alternative that calculates absolute volume as a non-biased and semi-automatic whole-brain technique. We enrolled 115 healthy females (mean age,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the postmortem changes of the heart wall on postmortem (PM) computed tomography (CT) in comparison with those on ante mortem CT (AMCT), and in comparison with the pathological findings, obtained in the same patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS We studied 57 consecutive patients who had undergone AMCT, PMCT, and pathological autopsy in our(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the brain by postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) versus antemortem computed tomography (AMCT) using brains from the same patients. We studied 36 nontraumatic subjects who underwent AMCT, PMCT, and pathological autopsy in our hospital between April 2009 and December 2013. PMCT was performed within 20 h after death,(More)
The study was conducted to evaluate simultaneously gray matter changes and white matter changes in patients with schizophrenia. Cortical thickness, gray matter volume, and white matter anisotropy and diffusivity changes in schizophrenic patients (n = 21) were assessed relative to age-, gender-, and parental socioeconomic status-matched healthy controls (n =(More)