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The chitinase C gene (chiC) encoding chitinase C (ChiC) from Salinivibrio costicola 5SM-1 was cloned and the nucleotide sequence was determined. S. costicola ChiC was expressed constitutively and repressed by glucose. A single operon composed of two complete open reading frames organized in the order of chiB, chiC and one partial open reading frame of chiA(More)
The presence of hemolysin BL (HBL; components L(2), L(1), and B)-encoding genes (hblC, hblD, and hblA) from 339 Bacillus cereus strains isolated in Thailand was determined. PCR analysis showed that all three hbl genes were detected in 222 strains (65.5%). Two, one or no hbl genes were detected in 3 (0.9%), 6 (1.8%), and 108 (31.8%) strains, respectively.(More)
A transcriptionally fused gene comprising the P19 gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis fused with a chitinase gene (chiBlA) from B. licheniformis was integrated into the B. thuringiensis subsp. aizawai BTA1 genome by homologous recombination. The resulting B. thuringiensis subsp. aizawai strain (INT1) showed growth and sporulation comparable(More)
Eight new pairs of PCR primers were designed and efficiently detect eight toxin genes (hblC, hblD, hblA, nheA, nheB, nheC, cytK, and entFM) in 411 B. cereus strains (121 food- and 290 soil isolates) and 205 B. thuringiensis strains (43 serovars, 10 food- and 152 soil isolates). According to the presence of these eight toxin genes, they were divided into(More)
Plant defensins are small and basic antimicrobial peptides characterized by conserved cysteine stabilizing structure with α-helix and triple strand antiparallel β-sheet. In the present study, two novel defensin genes, designated as BhDef1 and BhDef2, was isolated from Brassica hybrid cv Pule, a native unexplored Brassicaceae species found in Thailand. The(More)
A new basic chitinase gene, designated RC24, was isolated from a rice genomic library. The predicted RC24 protein contains 322 amino acid residues and exhibits 68% to 95% amino acid identity with known class I rice chitinases. RC24 protein expressed in Escherichia coli exhibited chitinase activity and strongly inhibited bacterial growth. Two transcription(More)
Bacillus cereus continues to be one of the important foodborne pathogens due to its ability to produce various heat-labile and -stable toxins. Several methods have been developed to assess the pathogenicity of the B. cereus strains; however, most of these take more than 2-3 days to provide confirmatory results. In this study we standardized a one-step(More)
We characterized a new quorum-sensing regulator, PlcRa, which is present in various members of the B. cereus group and identified a signaling heptapeptide for PlcRa activity: PapRa(7). We demonstrated that PlcRa is a 3D structural paralog of PlcR using sequence analysis and homology modeling. A comparison of the transcriptomes at the onset of stationary(More)
By marker exchange mutagenesis, Bacillus megaterium strain UN-1 (Bm-UN1) was used to prepare a mutant strain B. megaterium UN-cat (Bm-UNcat) lacking the penicillin G acylase gene (pac). The pac gene from Bm-UN1 was subcloned into pTF6 and the resultant plasmid, pBA402, was introduced into Bm-UNcat and Bacillus subtilis. Bm-UNcat harbouring pBA402 produced(More)
The chitinase gene (chiA71) from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. pakistani consists of an open reading frame of 1,905 nucleotides encoding 635 amino acid residues with an estimated molecular mass of 71 kDa. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence of the mature enzyme to other microbial chitinases shows a putative catalytic domain and a region with(More)