Wasim Ibrahim

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OBJECTIVE To determine the etiology and pattern of maxillofacial injuries in the Armed Forces of Pakistan in terms of anatomical distribution of injuries. DESIGN A descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY January 2001 to Jan 2004 at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, AFID, Rawalpindi. PATIENTS AND METHODS Three hundred consecutive(More)
The purpose of this study was to find a safe and effective analgesic alternative to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for patients undergoing dento-alveolar surgery who could not tolerate NSAIDs. We have compared on a double blind, randomized basis the efficacy of Tramadol hydrochloride with Diclofenac Sodium. Sixty patients undergoing third(More)
The aim of this cross sectional prospective study was to determine reasons and patterns of permanent 1st molar extraction in patients reporting to oral and maxillofacial surgery department at Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry, Rawalpindi. All patients referred to oral and maxillofacial surgery department for extraction of permanent first molar teeth from(More)
Oral white lesions are not uncommon and a significant number of patients are asymptomatic. The purpose of this study was to determine the pattern and presentation of oral white lesions in patients reporting at oral and maxillofacial surgery department of AFID. World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for oral mucosal examination were used to record data(More)
Combined stress of salinity and heavy metal is a serious problem for crop production; however, physiological mechanisms of tolerance to such condition remain elusive in cotton. Here, we used two cotton genotypes differing in salt tolerance, to understand their response to salinity (NaCl) and cadmium (Cd) either alone or in combination (Cd + Na) via(More)
Soil salinity is a major abiotic stress that is constraining crop growth and productivity. Greenhouse hydroponic experiments were performed using salt-sensitive (cv. Zhongmian 41) and tolerant (Zhong 9806) cotton seedlings to evaluate how different genotypes responded to salinity stress in the presence of exogenous GSH (reduced glutathione). Cotton plants(More)
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