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In this paper, we suggest and analyze a new class of iterative methods for solving nonlinear equations by using the homotopy perturbation method. Convergence of their method is also considered. Here we also discuss the efficiency index and computational order of convergence of new methods. Several numerical examples are given to illustrate the efficiency(More)
Polyclonal isoenzyme-specific antisera were developed against four calcium-independent protein kinase C (PKC) isoenzymes (delta, epsilon, epsilon', and zeta) as well as the calcium-dependent isoforms (alpha, beta I, beta II, and gamma). These antisera showed high specificities, high titers, and high binding affinities (3-370 nM) for the peptide antigens to(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) isoenzymes are essential components of cell signaling. In this study, we investigated the regulation of PKC-alpha in murine B16 amelanotic melanoma (B16a) cells by the monohydroxy fatty acids 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid [12(S)-HETE] and 13(S)-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid [13(S)-HODE]. 12(S)-HETE induced a translocation of(More)
The multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype induces cross-resistance to many chemotherapeutic agents in cancer cells. Protein kinase C (PKC) has been implicated in the regulation of the MDR phenotype. In order to determine the role of specific PKC isoenzymes in regulating the MDR phenotype, the expression and activity of PKC isoenzymes in the human breast(More)
In addition to serving as the precursor to a plethora of eicosanoids and other bioactive molecules, arachidonate may function as a bona fide second messenger. A number of studies have documented the ability of arachidonate to regulate the function of multiple targets in vitro systems. This has been particularly well established and studied with the(More)
Na/K-ATPase in renal epithelium is expressed at the basolateral surface and thus is critical for vectorial solute transport. One potential mode of regulation of Na/K-ATPase involves the intracellular effector protein kinase C (PKC). In kidney cell lines, activation of PKC by the phorbol ester phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) (1 microM) inhibited Na/K-ATPase(More)
Cis-unsaturated fatty acids activate soluble protein kinase C (PKC) in vitro and in intact platelets. The following studies were conducted to determine the effects of oleate on individual isoenzymes of PKC in human platelets. Human platelets were found to contain predominantly PKC alpha, beta I, beta II, and delta with minor immunoreactivity for PKC(More)
In this paper, we suggest and analyze a new two-step iterative method without second derivatives for solving nonlinear equations. We prove that the modified method has a fourth-order convergence. The efficiency index of this new method is 4 1/3 = 1.58. Several examples are given to illustrate the efficiency and the performance of the new method. The new(More)
In this paper, we suggest and analyze some new higher-order iterative methods free from second derivative for solving nonlinear equations. Per iteration, these new methods require three evaluations of the function and two of its first-derivative with efficiency index = Convergence of their methods is also considered. Several numerical examples are given to(More)
The ability of arachidonic acid and other fatty acids to induce phosphorylation of endogenous substrates and the role of protein kinase C in mediating these effects were examined. In a cell-free cytosolic system derived from human platelets, arachidonic, oleic, and other cis-unsaturated fatty acids induced a dose-dependent phosphorylation of several(More)