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White adipose tissue (WAT) is innervated by postganglionic sympathetic nervous system (SNS) neurons, suggesting that lipid mobilization could be regulated by the SNS [T. G. Youngstrom and T. J. Bartness. Am. J. Physiol. 268 (Regulatory Integrative Comp. Physiol. 37): R744-R751, 1995]. A viral transsynaptic retrograde tract tracer, the pseudorabies virus(More)
A new method for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based on the detection of relatively strong signal from intermolecular zero-quantum coherences (iZQCs) is reported. Such a signal would not be observable in the conventional framework of magnetic resonance; it originates in long-range dipolar couplings (10 micrometers to 1 millimeter) that are traditionally(More)
Amniote circadian organization derives from the interactions of circadian oscillators and photoreceptors located in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN), the pineal gland, and the eyes. In mammals, circadian organization is dominated by the SCN, which serve as "master pacemakers" in the control of a wide array of behavioral and physiological(More)
For the first time, we demonstrate here functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) using intermolecular multiple-quantum coherences (iMQCs). iMQCs are normally not observed in liquid-state NMR because dipolar interactions between spins average to zero. If the magnetic isotropy of the sample is broken through the use of magnetic field gradients, dipolar(More)
The first intermolecular zero-quantum coherence (iZQC) MR images of the human brain at 4T are presented. To generate iZQC images, a modified echo-planar imaging pulse sequence was used which included an additional 45 degrees RF pulse and a correlation gradient. The observability and nonconventional contrast of human brain iZQC images at 4T is demonstrated.(More)
Intermolecular multiple-quantum coherences between bulk water and a glycoprotein fragment at modest concentration (20 mM) have been experimentally produced and detected, although such coherences are inconceivable in the normal theoretical framework of nuclear magnetic resonance. A density matrix treatment explains these results by including the long-range(More)
A magnetic resonance imaging technique based on intermolecular multiple-quantum coherences in solution (the correlated spectroscopy revamped by asymmetric z gradient echo detection or CRAZED experiment) is described here. Correlations between spins in different molecules were detected by magnetic-field gradient pulses. In order for a correlation to yield an(More)